The welcome message shown to a user upon the terminal login whether it is via remote SSH login or directly via TTY or terminal is a part of motd also known as "Message Of The Day" daemon. The motd message can by customized to fit individual needs of each user or administrator by modifying the /etc/motd file or script within the /etc/update-motd.d directory.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to append additional information to motd message
  • How to modify motd message
  • How to disable selected parts of motd daemon
  • How to completely disable motd message

Objective

The objective of this article is to guide the reader through the installation of Grav CMS on Ubuntu Linux with the Apache2 web server.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
  • Software: - Apache/2.4.29, Grav 1.5.3 or higher, PHP 7.2.10 or higher

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via the sudo command is required.

Difficulty

EASY

Conventions

Objective

Install and configure Nagios on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Distributions

Ubuntu 18.04

Requirements

A working install of Ubuntu 18.04 with root privileges

Difficulty

Easy

Conventions

  • # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
  • $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

What is Nagios

Nagios is one of the best enterprise grade server monitoring solutions available. Unlike cPanel, it's available across a wide range of Linux distributions, including Debian and Ubuntu. Since Ubuntu 18.04 is an LTS release, upgrading your servers and running Nagios on them could be a great idea. Even though Nagios isn't up to date in the Ubuntu repositories, and setup isn't turn-key, it's still not too hard to get it running.

Objective

Using the gnome-weather application, an Ubuntu user can retrieve weather information for any location specified. The gnome-weather application will be also incorporated into the default desktop calendar window.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via sudo command is required.

Difficulty

EASY

Conventions

Objective

Install ELK on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Distributions

Ubuntu 18.04

Requirements

A working install of Ubuntu 18.04 with root privileges

Conventions

  • # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
  • $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Other Versions of this Tutorial

Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa)

What is ELK

If you're in a situation where you manage large amonts of data logs, the ELK stack is exactly what you're looking for. The ELK stack combines Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana into a simple, yet powerful, open source stack that lets you manage large amounts of logged data from a convenient graphical web interface. All three tools are developed by Elastic, so they work in tandem perfectly, and they're very easy to get set up on your Ubuntu system.

Objective

The objective is to install Paperwork on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04
  • Software: - Paperwork 1

Requirements

Privileged access to the operating system

Difficulty

MEDIUM

Conventions

Objective

The objective is to install Communitheme on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux. Please be aware that you may encounter numerous issues when using Ubuntu communitheme as this is also a reason why Communitheme was not selected as a default theme for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS release.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via sudo command is required.

Conventions

What are Gnome Extensions

Gnome extensions are designed to extend the functionally of your Gnome desktop. Gnome extensions are also a great way to customize your desktop to add tools and functionally based on per user requirements. This article lists some of the best extensions available.

Follow our instructions How to install Gnome Shell Extensions on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux to learn how to install Gnome extensions on your Ubuntu 18.04 Gnome desktop.

Objective

The objective is to install Kylin desktop as an alternative desktop environment. Kylin is a customized Ubuntu desktop version for Chinese users.

See also our article: The 8 Best Ubuntu Desktop Environments (18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux) for more desktop environment choices.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Requirements

Administrative root/sudo permissions.

Conventions

Objective

Install Laravel with Nginx and MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04

Distributions

Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Requirements

A working install of Ubuntu 18.04 with root privileges

Difficulty

Easy

Conventions

  • # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
  • $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Introduction

Laravel as quickly earned its place as the top PHP framework. It brought a lot of developer friendly features found in other frameworks like Rails to the PHP ecosystem, and in doing so, modernized PHP development.

If you're looking to develop with Laravel or host it on Ubuntu 18.04, the setup process has never been easier. Since Laravel is PHP, there are a couple of ways to handle this, but Nginx and MariaDB provide a fairly straightforward way to get your project running with modern production-ready tools.

Objective

The objective of this article is to provide the reader with a basic instructions on how to customize the dock panel on the default Gnome Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver desktop.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
  • Software: - GNOME Shell 3.28.1 or higher

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via sudo command is required.

Conventions

Objective

In this article we will be installing Stacer as an alternative system monitoring tool for Ubuntu 18.04 Linux Desktop.

Stacer allows Ubuntu users to monitor and optimize multiple aspects of their operating system. Stacer monitoring includes but is not limited to CPU load monitoring, disk performance and usage. Stacer also allows for number of system configurations as well as it is capable to perform disk clean up.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
  • Software: - Stacer 1.0.9

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via sudo command is required.

Conventions

Objective

The objective of this article is to provide reader with instructions on how to install LaTeX on Ubuntu 18.04.

Furthermore, this article will also explain the procedure on how to compile a basic Latex document from a command line. Lastly, the reader will be introduced to some of the best LaTeX editors available on the Ubuntu 18.04 system.

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via sudo command is required.

Conventions

Did you know you could install a desktop environment with a single command?

GNOME 3 is a default Ubuntu 18.04 desktop environment but this does not stop you to install and use some other desktop environments as there are many to choose from.

To make your search for the best Ubuntu desktop environment easier, we choose 8 Ubuntu desktop environments for your consideration. Our list of recommended desktops for Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux is complemented with links to instructions on how to install each desktop environment which we hope will turn out to be a very useful feature of this article.

So have fun and experiment with different desktop environments to find the one that suits you most. Follow the links and navigate to our desktop installation articles to see more screenshots of the Ubuntu desktop that interests you the most.

Objective

Install KVM with bridged networking and virt-manager on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

Distributions

Ubuntu 18.04

Requirements

A working install of Ubuntu 18.04 with root privileges

Conventions

  • # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
  • $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Other Versions of this Tutorial

Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa)

Introduction

KVM is the Linux kernel's own answer to virtualization. As a result, it's the lightest, most stable, and most universal virtualization option for Linux systems. While, KVM isn't as simple to set up as packaged solutions like VirtualBox, it's ultimately more efficient and flexible.

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