This Ubuntu 22.04 guide introduces the new Ubuntu 22.04 and explains how to get this operating system and how to install it on your computer. It also provides you with comprehensive instructions on how to use Ubuntu 22.04.
We include the introduction to command line and bash scripting, followed by things to do after installing Ubuntu 22.04 with the focus on software recommendations for the Ubuntu 22.04 system.
What is Ubuntu?
In this article you will learn about some Ubuntu 22.04 features of the upcoming Ubuntu stable release. Canonical’s latest iteration to the Ubuntu operating system is Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish. Ubuntu 22.04 release date is scheduled on April 21, 2022. This is an LTS (long term support) release – the type of release that Canonical only publishes every two years, and continues to support for the next five.
In this article, we’re going to go over some of the features we’re most excited about, and cover a lot of the differences between Jammy Jellyfish and Ubuntu’s previous LTS release, Focal Fossa. Read on as we take you through some of the upcoming changes.
Getting Ubuntu 22.04
This section focuses on upgrading your Ubuntu system to 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish or getting and installing it from scratch.
Ubuntu 22.04 Upgrade
The latest Ubuntu release, 22.04, marks an opportunity for both LTS users and people on the previous 21.10 release to upgrade Ubuntu and take advantage of the latest features.
Thanks to Debian’s upgrade process, it should be relatively simple to either upgrade Ubuntu 20.04 to 22.04 (both LTS) or to upgrade Ubuntu 21.10 to 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish.
In this section you will learn:
- How to fully update and upgrade your current Ubuntu system
- How to upgrade Ubuntu to 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish
Ubuntu 22.04 Download
In this section you will learn where to download and how to download Ubuntu 22.04 LTS ISO image for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu Studio, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Kylin desktops and Ubuntu 22.04 Server.
Ubuntu 22.04 Installation
Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop Installation
In this section we will perform the Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop installation. Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distributions. The reason being it’s main goal is to be the most user-friendly non-geek Linux operating system out there. As you will soon see, the Ubuntu 22.04 installation process is straightforward and simple to follow.
In this section you will learn:
- How to download Ubuntu 22.04 desktop ISO image
- How to create bootable installation media
- How to boot to Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop installation wizard
- How to install full or minimal Ubuntu 22.04 Desktop
Ubuntu 22.04 Installation from USB
Alternatively, you can follow our guide on installing Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish from USB after such bootable USB (also referred to as live USB) had been created.
In this guide you will learn:
- How to download Ubuntu 22.04
- How to create Bootable USB or DVD
- How to access Boot Menu and BIOS/UEFI
- How to boot Ubuntu 22.04 from USB
- How to try Ubuntu 22.04 before installing
- How to install Ubuntu 22.04 from USB
Dual Boot Installation with Windows 10
A dual boot system gives you the best of both worlds. It works by prompting you at startup to select which operating system you’d like to load into. So, you’ll have to reboot your computer each time you want to load into a different operating system. Make sure you consider this before deciding to proceed with the dual boot option. Ready to get Ubuntu 22.04 installed alongside Windows 10? Read on below as we take you through all the steps.
Using Ubuntu 22.04
Once you have your Ubuntu 22.04 system running you might like to know what to do after installing Ubuntu 22.04. This section offers such tips.
If you like you might start with learning or reviewing some command line and bash scripting basics. However, we offer also an alternative to command line instructions so you may skip the command line and bash tutorial on the first reading.
Command Line and Bash Basics
Are you a beginner Ubuntu user and wish to look beyond the usual window dragging and mouse clicking? This command line guide is intended for the absolute beginner users wishing to learn the basics of GNU/Linux command line. The below tutorial intends to walk through basic Linux commands related to navigation, file and directory administration, software installation and basic system troubleshooting.
Bash is a command language interpreter. It is widely available on various operating systems and is a default command interpreter on most GNU/Linux systems. You can also learn some bash scripting by following the tutorial below.
After Installing Ubuntu 22.04
This guide helps you to identify things to do after installing Ubuntu 22.04 that are right for your specific needs.
We list below our recommendations and refer to other guides that provide you with more detailed instructions on how to achieve a specific system configuration or customization.
- How to customize your Ubuntu 22.04 desktop by, for example, using GNOME shell extensions and the GNOME tweak tool.
- How to configure your Ubuntu 22.04 system, which will include, enabling automatic login, changing timezone or adding more fonts.
- How to install software on Ubuntu 22.04 via command line, software manager and snap store.
- How to take care of your system’s security by regular updates and proper use of firewall or running system backups.
- How to set up cloud storage such us Dropbox or Google Drive.
- How to test the connection to external devices, including webcams and microphones.
- How to set up remote desktop sharing on Ubuntu 22.04 as well as how to share an Ubuntu 22.04 desktop with Windows 10 client.
Software on Ubuntu 22.04
This section explores various software that you can install on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish. There is a variety of things that can be installed on Ubuntu 22.04, hence we have divided all the software into two categories: Ubuntu user and DevOps.
We not only provide you with ideas of what can be installed but also link to tutorials that take you through the installation process.
In this guide you will discover:
- What software you can install on Ubuntu 22.04 as an every day Ubuntu user
- What software to install on Ubuntu 22.04 for DevOps
Ubuntu vs other Linux Distros
This guide considers only Ubuntu 22.04 but you can have a look what other Linux distributions are out there for you to use. Possibly one Linux distro is better for servers than the other or perhaps beginners would prefer to use a more intuitive operating system than more advanced users. This section, will clarify some of the questions you might have regarding a range of Linux distributions.
Which Linux Distro to Choose
Choosing a Linux distribution can be one of the most difficult things for a Linux user. There are so many excellent options, and they all have their own unique strong suits.
There are also constant updates, news, and general community chatter that muddy the waters even more, making the process much less of a direct route. However, there are a couple of questions that you can ask yourself in choosing a distribution that help clear things up. It’s also important to remember that there usually isn’t a wrong answer.
Every distribution is good. Sure, running Arch on your enterprise scale production deployment probably isn’t the best idea, but it’s still technically possible. It’s all about picking a distribution that fits around that sweet spot of what you want and need.
Ubuntu vs Linux Mint
There probably aren’t two Linux distributions more closely related than Ubuntu and Linux Mint. Actually, the two are so close to one another, there’s serious debate about whether or not they are the same distribution.
Linux Mint takes Ubuntu and adds some extra polish to it. Mint has a different default configuration, some additional packages, and its own desktop environments. Otherwise, it’s the same distribution as Ubuntu.
Ubuntu vs CentOS
Ubuntu and CentOS are both major players in enterprise environments and in the datacenter. There’s no denying that both distributions have proven themselves in the server space, but with closer examination, these are two very different animals. Ubuntu is an excellent all-around contender. CentOS is purpose built for the enterprise in every aspect of its design.
Ubuntu vs Fedora
Ubuntu and Fedora are both among the top desktop Linux distributions, but they are very different. Fedora is Redhat’s testing ground, and it’s geared more towards developers and system administrators. On the other hand, Ubuntu is Canonical’s primary product, and it tries to please everyone.
Ubuntu vs Debian
Ubuntu and Debian are two of the most popular Linux distributions in history. Aside from that, they’re very closely related, making it hard for new Linux users to sort out the differences between the two.
Thus, is Ubuntu the same as Debian? While, many things may appear to be similar, or even the same, with these powerhouse distributions, there are some sizable differences between them.