The default Ubuntu firewall is ufw, with is short for “uncomplicated firewall.” It comes automatically installed on all editions of Ubuntu Desktop and Ubuntu Server. Ufw is a frontend for the typical Linux iptables commands, but it is developed in such a way that basic firewall tasks can be performed without the knowledge of iptables.
Firewalld is the default high-level firewall manager on the Red Hat family of distributions. One of its peculiarities is that it defines a series of so called firewall zones: each zone can be considered like a different level of trust and can be configured to allow traffic through a specific set of ports. While Firewalld comes with some predefined zones which can be easily examined and modified, sometimes we may want to create our custom zones from scratch.
SSH stands for secure shell and is the primary method of remote access and administration on Linux systems. SSH is a client-server service providing secure, encrypted connections over a network connection. After downloading Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish or upgrading to Ubuntu 22.04, it will probably be one of the first things you want to configure.
The SSH protocol operates on port 22 by default. In order to accept incoming connections on your SSH server, you will need to ensure that port 22 is allowed through the firewall.
In this tutorial, you will see how to disable the firewall in Ubuntu Linux 18.04 as well as how to check the Ubuntu firewall status.
The purpose of this tutorial is to show how to remove iptables rules on a Linux system. It is possible to remove iptables rules one at a time or to clear all of the rules in any iptables chain at once. You will soon see how.
The purpose of this guide is to show some of the most common iptables commands for Linux systems. iptables is the firewall built into all Linux distributions. Even distros like Ubuntu, which utilizes ufw (uncomplicated firewall), and Red Hat, which utilizes firewalld still pass their commands to iptables and use it in the background.
Mastering iptables, or at least becoming familiar with some of the most basic commands, is essential for Linux administrators. Even casual Linux users can benefit from understanding the basics of the iptables firewall, since they may be required to apply some minor configurations to it at some point. Use some of the examples below to familiarize yourself with the iptables syntax and get an idea for how it works to protect your system.
You should not apply iptables rules to a production system until you are somewhat familiar with how they work. Also be careful when applying rules to remote systems (a computer that you have established an SSH session with) because you can accidentally lock yourself out if you enter the wrong rule.
In this tutorial you will learn:
- Collection of basic Linux firewall iptables rules