How to setup vsftpd on Debian

How to setup vsftpd on Debian

Vsftpd is the acronym of Very Secure FTP Daemon: it is one of the most used ftp servers on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. It is open source and released under the GPL license, and supports virtual users and SSL for data
encryption. In this tutorial we will see how to install it and configure it on Linux.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install vsftpd on Debian 10
  • How to configure vsftpd
  • How to setup anonymous usage
  • How to setup login with local users
  • How to setup virtual users
  • How to setup ufw to allow incoming traffic

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apt update and apt upgrade commands being used to upgrade packages

apt update vs apt upgrade

If you ever work with Debian Linux or one of the many Linux distributions that were derived from it, such as Ubuntu, you’ve probably seen or used the APT package manager. APT is how packages are installed, updated, and removed on such systems.

When using the command line, the apt update and apt upgrade commands can be used to update package repos and upgrade packages, respectively. In this guide, we’ll be looking at the difference between the two commands and how they can both be used to upgrade installed packages on a Debian based system.

You may also see apt-get update and apt-get upgrade commands used. We’ve written a full article explaining the difference between apt and apt-get, but suffice it to say that these commands perform basically the same functions as the corresponding apt commands.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • What distros use apt update and apt upgrade?
  • What is the difference between apt update and apt upgrade?

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Unrar on Ubuntu

How to unrar in Ubuntu

Files with a .rar extension are compressed archives, much like a .tar.gz or .zip file. It’s one of many file compression formats that rose to popularity over the years, but requires its own utility to use.

You may have an individual .rar archive such as file.rar, but RAR archives are also known for being split into multiple files, such as file.rar, file.r00, file.r01, etc. In these cases, it’s necessary to open the file.rar file, which will then automatically combine the rest of the files into a single archive and extract its contents.

In this guide, we’ll see how to extract files from a RAR archive on Ubuntu Linux. This will work whether you have an individual .rar file or an archive that’s been split into a sequence of files.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install unrar utility
  • How to use unrar utility to open rar files

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Elementary OS desktop screenshot

Elementary OS Linux download

Elementary OS is based on Ubuntu and belongs to the Debian family of Linux distributions. For other most popular Linux distributions, please visit our dedicated Linux download page.

Elementary is reminiscent of Linux Mint, an Ubuntu derivative with an extra dose of user friendliness. It’s a great distro for those looking to dip their toe into the Linux pool, before moving on to a more robust distro.

The developers of Elementary have taken big strides to ensure a user friendly experience. Elementary includes a custom desktop environment called Pantheon, along with custom apps for Photos, Music, Videos, and all the other essentials. Pantheon has some unique features that can help you keep your desktop clean and increase your workflow, namely multi-tasking views, picture in picture, and do not disturb mode.

The file browser is also unique, with a built in search feature and options to categorize the files and applications. Being part of the Debian family allows new software to be installed in terminal via the APT package manager, but there’s also Elementary’s AppCenter, which features only the applications that Elementary has approved and certified as privacy-respecting and secure.

Elementary is big on privacy and has a few components to help you monitor the applications on your system. It helps you keep tabs on apps that utilize your microphone or location, so you are notified of misbehaving and untrustworthy software. The operating system also tidies up your cache files automatically to free up space and clear potentially private data.

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kimai time tracker installation docker

Kimai – Time Trakcer installation deployment using Docker


Kimai is a free open source timetracker. It tracks the time you spend with various pre-set projects and prints out a summary of your activities on demand. The automated docker Kimai time tracker image “linuxconfig/kimai” can be used to instantly deploy the Kimai time tracker on your docker hosts.

kimai time tracker installation docker


The Kimai runs on Debian GNU/Linux system featuring Apache web server, MariaDB ( MySQL ), database and PHP5. After creating a docker container based on “linuxconfig/kimai” docker image, a port 80 will be exposed which can be access on the docker host for an immediate Kimai web configuration/installation as well as later access.

Configured MySQL users:passwords:

  • root:”empty password”
  • admin:”pass”

Configured MySQL databases:

  • kimai

Exposed ports:

  • 80


The below command can be used to download and create a new docker container called kimai and link your docker host system’s port 80 with container’s exposed port 80.

# docker run -d --name=kimai -p 80:80 linuxconfig/kimai

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Apache Solr installed on Linux

Apache Solr Linux install

Apache Solr is open source search software. It’s capable of being implemented as an enterprise-level search engine thanks to its high scalability, advanced indexing, fast queries, and ability to integrate with a large variety of applications. It’s capable of tackling big data and also has high availability with its load balancing and failover configurations.

The platform is written in Java and can be installed on Linux systems. In this guide, we’ll show the step by step instructions for installing Apache Solr on some of the most popular Linux distros, including Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, and Red Hat.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install Apache Solr on Debian based systems
  • How to install Apache Solr on Red Hat based systems
  • Initial configuration of Apache Solr
Apache Solr installed on Linux

Apache Solr installed on Linux

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apt-add-repository: command not found error when trying to add a PPA respository

sudo: apt-add-repository: command not found?

The sudo: apt-add-repository: command not found error is one you might encounter when trying to add a third party PPA repository on Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, or any other Linux distribution based on Debian.

PPA repositories are used for installing third party software not available in a system’s official repositories. In this guide, we’ll show you how to remedy this error so you can add these repositories and install the desired software.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to fix apt-add-repository: command not found error
apt-add-repository: command not found error when trying to add a PPA respository

apt-add-repository: command not found error when trying to add a PPA respository

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Start sugarcrm installation wizard

SugarCRM CE installation on Debian 7 Wheezy Linux

In this config we will install SugarCRM CE the community edition of customer relationship management software by SugarCRM, Inc on Debian 7 “wheezy” Linux.


The community edition of sugarCRM is licensed under AGPLv3. Current version of sugarCRM CE is 6.5.18. Head over to SugarCRM CE home page and download the latest full installation package or use the link and command below to download sugarCRM CE to your home directory:

# wget
Saving to: `'

100%[===========>] 21,267,418   722K/s   in 34s     

2014-10-20 06:09:54 (615 KB/s) - `' saved [21267418/21267418]

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Sling TV on Kodi

How to Watch Sling TV in Kodi

Kodi’s support for DRM in version 18 and beyond opened the doors to streaming services like Sling TV. It’s simple enough to get it running within Kodi and start watching live TV legally.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to Install the Inputstream Packages
  • How to Install the Inputstream Helper Add-on
  • How to Install Sling TV in Kodi
  • How to Sign in and Use Sling

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warzone2100 main menu

WarZone2100 Installation on Debian Wheezy

If you run Debian Wheezy 7 Linux as your main operating system and you wish to try open source real-time strategy and real-time tactics hybrid computer game WarZone 2100 then here is a short guide on how to install this game on your debian system.

First, download latest tar ball from official WarZone2100 git repository. Start by installing git and then download WarZone2100’s latest source code:

# apt-get install git
$ git clone

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