Adding Windows 10 to GRUB boot menu

Booting a MS Windows OS using GRUB

Configuring a computer as dual boot system is a popular solution for users that wish to use Linux and Microsoft Windows on the same device. However, getting the two operating systems to share the same computer can be a bit tricky. In particular, Windows has its own boot loader and Linux uses GRUB. It’s easiest to have a dual boot system when GRUB is used as the boot loader, as it can be easily configured to boot into Windows as well as Linux.

In this guide, we’ll go through the step by step instructions to add Windows 10 to the GRUB menu. This way, you can select between Windows and your installed Linux distro when the computer first boots up. This guide assumes that you’ve already installed Linux and Windows on the same computer, and simply need to add Windows as an option to your GRUB menu.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to add Windows to GRUB boot menu

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Writing Fedora ISO file to bootable USB key

How to create a Fedora Linux Live bootable USB key

A great feature of many Linux distributions is that you can create a live USB (or CD/DVD) key and boot directly into it. This allows you to try out an operating system, troubleshoot an existing installation, or install Linux onto the system’s hard drive.

Fedora is one of those distributions of Linux that allows us to boot into a usable environment directly from USB. In order to do that, we just need to write the Fedora installation file (.ISO format) to the USB thumb drive.

In this guide, we’ll go over the step by step instructions to create a Fedora bootable USB key via either command line or GUI. Follow along with us to get your USB key setup through Fedora’s Media Writer tool or the ddrescue command utility.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to download Fedora and Fedora Media Writer
  • How to create Fedora bootable USB with Media Writer (GUI method)
  • How to create Fedora bootable USB with ddrescue (command line method)

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Recover – Reset Forgotten Linux Root Password

The root account, sometimes called super user, is the admin account on a Linux system, and is essential for performing all kinds of administrative tasks. You’ll need access to it in order to install or remove packages, manage other user accounts, and a lot more things. Anytime you access the root account, either through the su or sudo commands, you’ll be prompted for the root password.

If you have forgotten the password to your system’s root account, you don’t necessarily have to go back to square one and reinstall the whole operating system. It’s possible to recover and reset the root password, even without the old password. In this guide, we’ll take you through the step by step instructions of recovering a forgotten root password on Linux. This will work regardless of the Linux distribution you’re running, as long as its using the GRUB bootloader. Other bootloaders will have similar instructions.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to reset a forgotten root password on Linux

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How to dual boot Windows XP and Ubuntu Linux

How to dual boot Windows XP and Ubuntu Linux

Introduction

My restless effort to promote a Linux operating system and encourage its usage among other “PC” users made me this time to tackle a core topic of this effort and that is dual boot Linux Operating System and MS Windows XP Pro. I really do not expect windows users to switch from MS Windows to the Linux from one day to another, but I rather expect a slower and gradual transition with less headaches and without productivity losses.

There are already plenty of excellent articles in regard to this topic. However, I do still see Linux forums flooded with simple basic questions on how to dual boot these two operating systems. I see users coming from a MS Windows environment completely lost when it comes to a UNIX File System Hierarchy Standard (FHS), partitioning using EXT3 file system and navigation with simple “cd” command. It is very hard for them to let go of an idea of C: and D: drives. In recent 2 or 3 years Linux operating systems and its installation has improved in such a manner that I do not see a problem for a NON-IT person to install its own fully functional and productive version of the LINUX on his “Designed for Microsoft Windows XP” notebook.

Despite my believe I have decided to write this Linux-Windows dual boot “howto” for new Linux enthusiasts. In fact, I have had a friend who has no IT background to helping me by following my steps in this tutorial and believe it or not, he could install his own dual booting system without any problems.

Be aware that we are not going to describe all installation steps for both Linux and Windows installations in this article, only those steps which are necessary to accomplish this task.

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How to force fsck to check filesystem after system reboot on Linux

This article will explain a procedure on how to force fsck to perform a filesystem check on the next system reboot or force filesystem check for any desired number of system reboots whether it is root or non-root mount point.

Let’s start with discussion about some tools which can be used to obtain filesystem information and configurations which control filesystem check after system reboot. The tool which we are going to discuss is tune2fs filesystem managing utility. Using tune2fs we can export some important information related to filesystem health check. The following linux command will tell as when was the last time the filesystem /dev/sdX was checked:

# tune2fs -l /dev/sdbX | grep Last\ c
Last checked:             Sun Dec 13 09:14:22 2015

Anther useful information which can be retrieved by tune2fs command relates to how many times our /dev/sdX filesystem was mounted:

# tune2fs -l /dev/sdbX | grep Mount
Mount count:              157

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Network booting with Linux – PXE

Introduction

This article here is somewhat related to our previous one, in that it treats the subject of booting and installing Linux using the network, be it local or not. This time we will treat installing Linux without optical, floppy or other removable media, by just using the LAN. You are expected to have at least two computers in your network, and the client will need a NIC and a BIOS capable of using PXE. We will guide you from beginning to end, but some basic networking and Linux configuration knowledge, plus the use of an editor of your choice are required. You will learn what PXE is, how to configure a DHCP server, how to configure a TFTP server so the client can have access to the files, plus lots of interesting things, as usual.

PXE

PXE (pronounced “pixie”) stands for Preboot eXecution Environment and was introduced by Intel and Systemsoft in 1999. In short, it’s a capability most modern network cards and BIOSes have that enables the system to boot from LAN, just like it would boot from hard disk or CD-ROM. The PXE support must be present in the NIC’s firmware which, if set up accordingly in the BIOS, will get an IP address from the PXE server and download the necessary boot images. In order for an IP address to be available, the server must offer DHCP. After an IP address is leased, the TFTP server (which can be the same box as the DHCP server) hands out the necessary files to the client, so it can boot them after loading. That’s the whole idea, so enough talk, let’s get to work, shall we?

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GRUB boot loader for Linux

How to Fix Grub error: no such partition Grub Rescue

Grub is a boot loader for many Linux distributions which basically tells your system where it can find installed operating system(s) on one or more hard drives. Your PC needs this information in order to boot into your Linux distro successfully. If grub becomes corrupted, one such error you may come across is “error: no such partition grub rescue.”

This error most commonly arises when resizing or rearranging the partitions of a hard drive, as is necessary with dual boot in Ubuntu or dual boot in Manjaro, for example. If you’ve received this error out of the blue (i.e. you haven’t made any recent changes to your hard drive), it could be a sign of the hard drive going bad.

Regardless of the cause, we’ve written this guide to help you get your Linux system back up and running. In this article, we’ll give you the step by step instructions to fix the dreaded “no such partition” grub error.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to fix grub error: no such partition grub rescue

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Installing Manjaro Architect Edition

Install Manjaro Architect edition

When you download Manjaro, you can choose from quite a few different desktop environments, such as XFCE, KDE, GNOME, etc. But it’s also possible to forego a desktop environment altogether and install to disk from the command line version of Manjaro, which is known as the Architect edition. This will give the operating system a much closer feel to its ancestor, Arch Linux, which only has a command line installer available. You’ll still get to choose a GUI during the installation, if you’d like.

The main advantage of the Architect edition of Manjaro is that it gives users a lot more control over the installation process. You get to choose the best download mirrors, which drivers to install (free or proprietary), a desktop environment, shell, and more granular control over other options not normally available in the typical installers of some Linux distributions. It’s also a much smaller ISO file, since packages are downloaded from the internet during installation rather than being extracted from the ISO file as they are on GUI editions of Manjaro. This also means you get the latest packages available and your ISO file never becomes outdated.

In this tutorial, we’ll guide you through the process of installing Manjaro Architect edition. This guide assumes that you’ve already obtained the Architect ISO file and created a bootable USB drive or other form of installation media.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install Manjaro Architect edition

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Live CD/DVD Linux Download

Live CD/DVD Linux Download

In this article, we’ll cover and compare some of the most popular Linux distributions to use for a live CD/DVD. Furthermore, you’ll be given the information you need to make a decision about which one to use, as well as the links to the official Linux downloads pages for each Linux distribution.

Many Linux distributions offer an environment that you can boot your computer into without having to install anything to a hard drive. For some Linux distros, this is actually their main purpose. This is called a “live file system” and it allows you to boot into Linux like normal from a CD, DVD, or USB drive.

With a live file system, changes you make normally aren’t saved after a reboot. When you boot to a live CD/DVD/USB, system files and everything else are stored temporarily in RAM, and RAM is always cleared when a system shuts down or reboots.

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Kali Linux autologin configuration

How to enable autologin on Kali Linux

The objective of this short guide is to explain how to enable autologin on Kali Linux with step by step instructions.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to identify what is your system’s default Display Manager.
  • How to edit an appropriate configuration file to enable autologin on Kali Linux.

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