In order to login to RHEL7 Linux server we first need to exchange public keys between server and client machine. To do that we can use ssh-copy-id command.
$ ssh-copy-id user@rhel-server
The authenticity of host 'rhel-server (rhel-server)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is 21:4d:71:f6:ef:1f:c1:f7:a9:d9:81:4d:9d:34:4d:a9.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys
Number of key(s) added: 1
Now try logging into the machine, with: "ssh 'user@rhel-server'"
and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.
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The above command will propt you for a password based upon which your access to the remote server will be authenticated and password exchanged. If you get an error message saying:
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: ERROR: No identities found
you first need to generate your ssh keys using below command:
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
|*. S |
|+.. o o. |
|+ =.E. |
Once done attempt to the above ssh-copy-id command again.