Setting the Root Password on Ubuntu 24.04 Linux

When managing an Ubuntu 24.04 system, it’s essential to understand the security and administrative practices that come with it. By default, Ubuntu does not set a root password and encourages the use of the sudo command for administrative tasks. This approach enhances security by limiting the use of the root account. However, there are scenarios where having a root password is necessary. This guide will walk you through the process of setting a root password on Ubuntu 24.04, ensuring you can do so securely and efficiently.
In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to execute the sudo command to change the root password
  • Steps to enter the sudo user’s password and set a new root password
  • How to test the newly set root password
Setting the Root Password on Ubuntu 24.04 Linux
Setting the Root Password on Ubuntu 24.04 Linux

Setting the Root Password

As a fresh installation of Ubuntu comes without a root password, it’s recommended to use sudo for executing privileged commands. If you find yourself needing a root password, follow these steps carefully to set one up securely.

  1. Execute the sudo command with passwd: This initiates the process to set a root password.
    $ sudo passwd

    When you execute this command, you’re prompted to enter your current user’s password to proceed. This step is crucial for verifying your identity and ensuring that only authorized users can set the root password.

  2. Enter the user’s sudo password: After executing the sudo passwd command, you’ll be prompted to enter your current user’s sudo password. This is the password you use to log in to your account and execute sudo commands.
  3. Set a new password for root: Once authenticated, you’ll be prompted to enter and confirm a new password for the root account. Choose a strong, secure password to prevent unauthorized access.
  4. Test the new set root password with su root: To verify that the new root password is set correctly, attempt to switch to the root account using the following command:
    $ su root

    After entering the new root password, your prompt should change from $ to #, indicating that you have logged in as root.

    Set root password on Ubuntu 24.04 command line procedure
    Set root password on Ubuntu 24.04 command line procedure


Setting a root password on Ubuntu 24.04 can be necessary for specific administrative tasks. However, it’s crucial to use this power sparingly to maintain the system’s security integrity. Always use sudo for routine administrative tasks and reserve the root account for scenarios where it’s absolutely necessary. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can securely set a root password on your Ubuntu system.


1. Why doesn’t Ubuntu set a root password by default?
Ubuntu prioritizes security and ease of use; hence, it uses sudo to execute commands that require root privileges. This approach minimizes the risk of unauthorized root access and encourages good security practices.
2. What is the sudo command?
The sudo command allows a permitted user to execute a command as the superuser or another user, as specified by the security policy. It’s a way to grant administrative permissions to regular users without sharing the root password.
3. How do I choose a strong root password?
A strong root password should be complex and include a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. It should be long enough (at least 12 characters) to resist brute-force attacks and not contain easily guessable information.
4. Can I use sudo for all administrative tasks instead of setting a root password?
Yes, for most administrative tasks, using sudo is recommended and sufficient. It provides a secure way to manage permissions without exposing the root account. Only set a root password if absolutely necessary for specific scenarios.
5. What should I do if I forget the root password?
If you forget the root password, you can reset it by booting into recovery mode or using a live CD/USB. Then, you can access a root shell and use the passwd command to set a new root password.
6. Is it safe to share the root password with others?
Sharing the root password increases the risk of unauthorized access and potential system misuse. It’s better to configure sudo permissions for users who need administrative access, limiting their actions to what’s necessary for their role.