Retrieve Weather information using Linux command line

Although most Linux users will use a GUI tool to retrieve weather information, it is also possible to do get a weather forecast from the command line. Whether you are stubborn command line user or you wish to automate flower watering using your Linux system and cron, there are several different options that can do the job. Some tools even allow you to retrieve information such as current outside temperature, wind, pressure, humidity, altitude, and more, directly from your Linux terminal.

In this tutorial, you will see how to install and use several different software packages to retrieve the weather information on Debian based and Red Hat Linux based systems.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to retrieve weather forecast via inxi, weather-util, ansiweather, and wttr.in
  • How to install weather utilities on Linux
Retrieve Weather information using Linux command line
Retrieve Weather information using Linux command line
Software Requirements and Linux Command Line Conventions
Category Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used
System Any Debian based or Red Hat Linux based systems
Software inxi, weather-util, ansiweather, curl
Other Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the sudo command.
Conventions # – requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
$ – requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Retrieve Weather information using Linux command line



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There are several ways to retrieve weather information on the Linux command line. See the various methods below and then choose whichever one you find most suitable for your environment and preferences.

Option 1: inxi

Installation of inxi:

Debian based systems:
$ sudo apt install inxi

RHEL based systems:
$ sudo dnf install inxi

Retrieve your weather from inxi with the -w option:

$ inxi -w
Weather:
  Report: temperature: 12.2 C (54 F) conditions: Overcast clouds
  Locale: current time: Sun 08 May 2022 11:04:04 PM EDT (America/New_York)
    Source: WeatherBit.io

Note that inxi works off of your configured time zone. You can use the following command to verify your currently configured time zone:

$ ls -l /etc/localtime
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 36 May  7 16:35 /etc/localtime -> /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/New_York

To get more information such as pressure or humidity from the inxi’s command output simply include -xxx option:

$ inxi -xxxw
Using inxi to retrieve weather information on Linux command line
Using inxi to retrieve weather information on Linux command line

With -W command line options inxi is also capable to retrieve weather information from any other remote location around the world. The arguments to -W option should be in city,state OR latitude,longitude OR postal/zip code format. For example let’s retrieve Warsaw,Poland weather information:

$ inxi -W Warsaw,Poland
Weather:   Conditions: 48 F (9 C) - shallow fog Time: June 25, 4:30 AM CEST

Do not fear if your location is not included as part tzdata data. inxi is able to retrieve information from the closest weather information point based on latitude and longitude:

$ inxi -xxxW 23.545988,8.853559
Weather:   Conditions: 79 F (26 C) - Clear Wind: From the West at 9 MPH Humidity: 17%
           Pressure: 30.15 in (1021 mb) Location: Djanet (AL) Altitude: 967 ft 
           Time: June 25, 3:38 AM CET Observation Time: June 24, 11:00 AM CET

Option 2: weather-util

Installation of weather-util:

Debian based systems:
$ sudo apt install weather-util

To use weather-util, just specify the location for which you would like to receive a weather report.



$ weather-util sydney

If your search is too ambiguous, i.e. there are multiple cities with the same name, you can narrow it down by using the code at the beginning, as you will see the in the screenshot below.

Retrieving weather information of Sydney, Australia via weather-util
Retrieving weather information of Sydney, Australia via weather-util

Option 3: ansiweather

Installation of ansiweather:

Debian based systems:
$ sudo apt install ansiweather

To use ansiweather, add the -l option and then specify the location that you would like to check the weather for.

$ ansiweather -l charleston sc

You can add the -F option to get a five day forecast.

$ ansiweather -F -l lima peru
Getting weather information and 5 day forecast with ansiweather
Getting weather information and 5 day forecast with ansiweather

Option 4: wttr.in

wttr.in is a weather report website that displays in simple ASCII. This makes it ideal for downloading the website from command line and viewing the forecast. Curl is the best tool to use with this website and can be installed with these commands:

Debian based systems:
$ sudo apt install curl

RHEL based systems:
$ sudo dnf install curl

To get the weather forecast from the website, just use curl like so:

$ curl wttr.in




You can get the weather forecast for a specific location by putting your search query in the URL itself. This link will get the weather forecast for Charleston, SC.

$ curl https://wttr.in/charleston-sc
Retrieving weather forecast via the ASCII website wttr.in and curl command
Retrieving weather forecast via the ASCII website wttr.in and curl command

Closing Thoughts

In this tutorial, we saw how to retrieve weather information and a forecast via command line on a Linux system. If you do not wish to install and additional software, curling the wttr.in website works very well and has a nice looking display of the forecast for any location. If you do not mind installation an extra software package, we have given you a few to choose from in this tutorial.



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