To following article will describe how to access root terminal and hence gain root access to the Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa Desktop/Server system.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to open terminal with root privileges
  • How to gain root access using existing terminal session
Gain terminal root access on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa
Gain terminal root access on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa

Software Requirements and Conventions Used

Software Requirements and Linux Command Line Conventions
Category Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used
System Installed Ubuntu 20.04 or upgraded Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa
Software N/A
Other Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the sudo command.
Conventions # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
$ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Open terminal as root on Ubuntu 20.04 step by step instructions

  1. No matter what your situation, it is unlikely that you need to open terminal as root user. However, what you most likely need is to gain root access as a root user using a currently opened terminal session.

    Most likely you currently have sudo privileges to your Ubuntu 20.04 system. This means that you can gain root assess by simply opening a new terminal and using the sudo -i command to gain privileged administrative access. Consider the following example:
    $ sudo -i
    [sudo] password for linuxconfig: 
    root@linuxconfig-org:~# whoami 
    root
    
    The # sign at the beginning of your shell prompt indicates that you have gained a root access to your Ubuntu system.

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  3. In case you insist on having to open terminal window as a root user you can once again use the sudo command to do so. Simply execute the following command from your current terminal session:
    $ sudo gnome-terminal
    
    Terminal opened as root using the sudo command
    Terminal opened as root using the sudo command
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