ObjectiveThis article focuses on how to boot Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver from USB. A general step by step guide on how to install Ubuntu 18.04 is provided in the article: How to install Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver.
Operating System and Software Versions
- Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
- 64bit architecture computer with hard drive free of personal non-recoverable data. This could be any spare, old, low profile desktop or laptop.
- Internet connection
- USB flash drive of minimum 2GB size
Other Versions of this TutorialUbuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa)
IntroductionThe general procedure to installing Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver has been described in How to install Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver. This procedure consists of the following steps:
- Download Ubuntu (ISO)
- Create Bootable DVD or USB
- Boot from USB or DVD
- Try Ubuntu without installing
- Install Ubuntu
- How to create a bootable Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic USB stick on Linux
- How to create a bootable Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic USB stick on MS Windows
Access Boot MenuTo access Boot Menu on your computer you will need to hit different keys (or combination of keys) depending on your computer type. Here is the list of possible keys you may have to press depending on your PC:
|Lenovo||Other possibilities: |
|Samsung|| ||For ultrabooks from Samsung disable the fast boot option in BIOS/UEFI. See next section.|
|VAIO|| Other possibilities: |
Access BIOS/UEFITo access BIOS/UEFI on your computer you will also need to hit different keys (or combination of keys) depending on your computer type. Here is the list of possible keys you may have to press depending on your PC:
|Acer|| || |
|HP|| ||Other possibilities: on Pavilion - |
|Lenovo||Other possibilities: small button next to the Power button (if laptop)|
|Samsung|| ||For ultrabooks from Samsung it might be |
|VAIO|| Other possibilities: |
Boot from USBTo start the USB boot, switch off your PC and insert the USB bootable flash drive into your computer. It is recommended that all other USB devices are removed (e.g. memory cards, printers). After that, switch ON your computer. If you set your BIOS/UEFI correctly your PC will now start the booting sequence from the USB external media in order to install Ubuntu from USB.
If NOT, reboot your computer again, and attempt to access your Boot Menu, which can be different depending on your device. We explained earlier how to access Boot Menu on your computer. Once you have accessed the menu you will have to select the USB item and press
If Boot Menu is not available you will have to access BIOS/UEFI. This will allow you to boot from removable media. Before booting Ubuntu 18.04 from USB you need to check if the USB flash drive is selected in BIOS/UEFI in the Boot devices menu. Above we outlined how to access BIOS/UEFI on various computers. Note also, that some computers (e.g. ultrabooks) have a fast boot option. It is important to disable this option before the Ubuntu 18.04 USB boot is initiated.
Go to BIOS/UEFI settings and look for Boot Device Select Menu. Make sure that the USB (may be called: Removable Devices, USB-HDD) selection is at the top of the list, which will always make your PC to boot from a USB flash drive first. If USB is not present, the computer will boot from the hard drive.
Note also that on some of the newer computers with UEFI/EFI you will have to disable secure boot (or enable legacy mode).