Arch Linux is a powerful and customizable operating system with a minimal base install. If you are a newer Linux user then you may be interested in installing Arch Linux, but have been reluctant to do so because of the learning curve that is sometimes associated with the process. If that is the case then it is a great idea to first install Arch Linux as a virtual machine and take it for a test drive. This tutorial will guide you through the steps of installing Arch Linux as a guest machine in VMware Workstation. Following this guide will leave you with a very minimal base Arch install which you can choose to customize however you would like.
If these steps seem like a lot of work just to get a virtual machine up and running, but you want to set up an Arch Linux based virtual machine then you may wan to consider installing Manjaro in VirtualBox instead. If you are not familiar with the relationship between the two distributions then I would recommend that you learn how Arch and Manjaro compare to each other before deciding.
This tutorial assumes that you have a working copy of VMware Workstation installed. If that is not the case then before continuing you you can learn How to install VMware Workstation on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa Linux or How to install VMware Workstation on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux.In this tutorial you will learn:
- How to install Arch Linux in VMware Workstation
Software requirements and conventions used
|Category||Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used|
|System||Host System: Distribution-independent, Guest System: Arch Linux|
|Other||Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the
|Conventions||# - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of
$ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user
Creating and Configuring the Virtual Machine
First, download the Arch Linux ISO.
Next, open VMware Workstation and then click on
File and then
New Virtual Machine.
Virtual Machine configuration, click
Typical, then click
Install Operating System from, click
Use ISO image, click
browse and navigate to where you saved the arch Linux ISO then click
Guest Operating System.
Under Type, select
Other Linux 5.x and later kernel 64-bit, click
Leave the default location unless you want to change it, click
Disk Size, I recommend increasing the size to at least
20GB if you plan to do anything substantial with this virtual machine(we are going to use
20GB as the total disk size in this tutorial). Click
Next to move forward.
customize hardware. In this section, I recommend increasing the memory and number of processors to whatever you can spare, but for the purposes of this tutorial the defaults will work just fine. Click
close in the bottom right hand corner. Now click
If the virtual machine auto boots after this step then power it off because we need to change one more setting.
Right click on your virtual machine under
Library and click
settings. Click the
Options tab at the top. Under
advanced, change the firmware type to
UEFI and click Save.
Now, go ahead and start up the virtual machine. It should boot the Arch Linux installer from the ISO. Give it a minute or so to boot and you should see the command line Arch Linux installation environment.
If you find the default tty console font difficult to read then you can change it to any font in the
/usr/share/kbd/consolefonts directory using the
setfont command like so.
# setfont /usr/share/kbd/consolefonts/ter-g32n.psf.gz
Installing Arch Linux inside the Virtual Machine
Verify that you are in UEFI mode. If you are then the following command will generate a list of files.
# ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
Since we left the default network configuration in place and the Arch installation environment has started network services for us, internet connections should be working out of the box at the moment. To verify this enter the following command and verify that it is able to connect to the server without any packet loss.
# ping -c 4 www.linuxconfig.org
Next, update the system clock
# timedatectl set-ntp true
Next, we need to partition the disk for our Arch install. In order to see the current disk layout enter the following.
You will see the installation ISO
loop0 device and a drive corresponding to the capacity that you chose earlier (in this tutorial we opted for
20GB). This disk will likely be
For the next step, we must create the partitions that we will use for this install. You may use any command line or TUI partitioning tool you are comfortable with for this step, but for the purpose of this tutorial we will use
cfdisk due to it’s user-friendliness. Since our system disk is
sda, we will enter the following.
# cfdisk /dev/sda
gpt for the label type and press enter. You will now see that there is 20G of free space on the device that we may use to create our partitions. We will be creating three partitions, a
EFI partition, an
/) partition and a
Press enter to select
New, then type
500M and press enter to create the
EFI partition(sda1). Press the right arrow to select
Type and change the partition type to
Press down to select
Free space, then press enter on
New to create the
root partition(sda2), enter
Partition size and press enter.
Press down to select
Free space again and press enter on
New to create the
swap partition(sda3). Enter
Partition size and press enter. Press the right arrow and press enter to select
Type then select
Linux swap for the partition type.
Use the arrow keys to select
Write and press enter. Type
yes and press enter to confirm that you want to write the partition table to the disk. Now select
Quit and press enter to exit
If you followed along then you should now have 3 partitions created;
sda3. To verify that this is the case enter
Now that we have our three partitions, we need to create the appropriate file systems on them.
First, create the
swap file system and activate it with the following commands.
# mkswap /dev/sda3 # swapon /dev/sda3
Next, create the
root file system.
# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2
Now you can create the
EFI file system with the following command.
mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1
Now that we created the file systems, we need to mount them in order to proceed with the install.
First, mount the
# mount /dev/sda2 /mnt
Next create a
boot directory on it where we will mount the
# mkdir /mnt/boot
Finally, mount the
EFI partition to that directory.
# mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot
Now it is time to install the essential packages that make up the base Arch Linux system. To do so enter the following command.
# pacstrap /mnt base linux linux-firmware
The previous command should complete after a few minutes. Now we can generate an
fstab file so that when the system boots it knows where to mount the partitions.
# genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
Now that we have the base of our system installed, we need to chroot into it. In order to do that enter the following command.
# arch-chroot /mnt
Now we need to customize the timezone, localization and hostname of our system.
Using whatever region is appropriate for you enter
# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Region/City /etc/localtime
You may need to explore the
zoneinfo directory and subdirectories to find your time zone. For example, if you live in the Eastern United States you could enter.
ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/US/Eastern /etc/localtime
For the next step you should install the text editor of your choice using
pacman as demonstrated below. We will be using vim
$ pacman -S vim
Now you should edit the
/etc/locale.gen file and uncomment any locale that you need to use by removing the
# before it. In my case, I will be uncommenting en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8, but you may need to uncomment others that correspond with your country.
After performing the above step, enter the following command to generate the locales.
Next, create the
locale.conf file and set your language up using your preferred text editor.
For example, enter:
# vim /etc/locale.conf
LANG=en_US.UTF-8 to the file.
/etc/hostname and add your chosen hostname, in our case
archvm to the file and save it.
Next, edit the
/etc/hosts file with your chosen hostname. Since we use
archvm for ours, our entries would look like this.
127.0.0.1 localhost ::1 localhost 127.0.1.1 archvm.localdomain archvm
Next, we need to configure networking for our Arch virtual machine. Right now, networking is working normally because the Arch installation environment automatically started preconfigured
systemd networking services. In order to have networking continue to work after we reboot into our fresh install we now must enable and configure those services. To do so enter the following commands.
# systemctl enable systemd-networkd # systemctl enable systemd-resolved
Next, determine your network interface name by entering
# ip addr
Aside from the
lo interface, you should see an additional one, in our case,
ens33. Use this value for the
Name variable in the next step.
/etc/systemd/network/20-wired.network and enter the following.
[Match] Name=ens33 [Network] DHCP=yes
Next, set the password for your root user.
If you are using an Intel processor then you should install Intel microcode.
# pacman -S intel-ucode
The final step to completing a full base Arch Linux install in VMware Workstation is installing the bootloader. There are a number to choose from, but for the sake of this tutorial, we will use
First, install the
efibootmgr packages to allow us to use
grub as the bootloader.
# pacman -S grub efibootmgr
Next, install the
grub bootloader to the
EFI partition with the following command.
# grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id=GRUB
After installing the
grub bootloader, we just need to generate the main
grub configuration file. To do so, enter the following command.
# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
The base Arch Linux virtual machine installation is complete. Now you can unmount the partitions and reboot your system.
# exit # umount -R /mnt # reboot
Once the system has rebooted you will be able to login to the Arch VM with the
root account using the password you created earlier. Now that you have a freshly installed Arch Linux virtual machine in VMware Workstation. You can customize it to your heart’s content. The Arch Wiki Has a list of general recommendations for customizing a fresh install. You may also find their list of applications page useful.
If you chose to use the
ter-g32nconsole font recommended above or any other font beginning with
terthen you must install the
terminus-fontpackage. To do so follow the directions below. If you opted to continue using the default console font then you can ignore this section.
# pacman -S terminus-font
If you would like to make this font your default console font permanently then edit
/etc/vconsole.conf and add the following to it.
The next time that you reboot your virtual machine the system will use your chosen console font.
In this article we saw how to configure an Arch Linux guest virtual machine on VMware Workstation and complete a base Arch Linux install on it. This virtual machine should serve as a foundation for whatever you want to use the guest operating system for.
After going through this process, you should also be more comfortable with the Arch Linux installation process in general. As a result, you may opt to install Arch Linux on bare metal next. For a great example and guide of what that process could look like, take a look at Installing ARCH Linux on ThinkPad X1 Carbon Gen 7 with encrypted filesystem and UEFI.