Hosting a website on a Linux system usually involves multiple software packages that operate together to deliver a web browsing experience to potential viewers. For example, it's common for PHP to dynamically render web content but retrieve data from a database. These are two separate components and they must both be installed to present a website as intended.
XAMPP is a software stack that can run on Ubuntu Linux and make your life a little easier when it comes to web hosting. XAMPP stands for cross-platform (X), Apache (A), MariaDB (M), PHP (P), and Perl (P). These are all common components used in web hosting, and combining them into a single installation makes the initial setup less complicated. XAMPP also comes with Bitnami, which allows you to install content managements systems, such as WordPress, as well as other apps on top of your XAMPP installation if you choose.
In this guide, we'll cover the installation of XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux. Follow along with our step by step instructions to get it setup on your own system.In this tutorial you will learn:
- How to install XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux
- How to manage your XAMPP installation
|Category||Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used|
|Other||Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the |
|Conventions|| # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of |
Install XAMPP on Ubuntu
Open a command line terminal and type the following commands to download and install XAMPP on your system.
- Start by navigating to XAMPP's offical website and downloading the latest version for Linux.
- Once it's downloaded, add execute permissions to the installation file, then execute it.
$ chmod +x xampp-linux-*-installer.run $ sudo ./xampp-linux-*-installer.run
- The installation menu will launch, and you can begin clicking through the prompts.
- It's recommended to install the developer docs along with the core components of XAMPP, as this will include documentation and other helpful info.
- XAMPP will now be installed in the
/opt/lamppdirectory (the "L" is for "Linux" and has replaced the "X"). Click next on this prompt and the next couple to confirm installation.
- When XAMPP is done, you can launch it to control the installed components.
Manage XAMPP Installation
Now that XAMPP is done installing, you can use the program to start and stop any of the installed components, such as Apache and MariaDB.
To further manage your web server and install additional apps like content management systems, navigate to
http://localhost/dashboard in your browser.
This is XAMPP's web control panel. Use it to browse documentation, install applications, access your database through phpMyAdmin, etc.
XAMPP is a convenient software stack that allows you to get your site up and running faster than installing individual components. In this guide, we saw how to install XAMPP on Ubuntu Linux. From here, you can use its convenient web interface to configure your site.