ObjectiveTo following article will explain how to download, install and use Tor Browser on Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver Linux.
The aim for Tor Browser is to protect your online privacy, hence from this reason make sure that your Tor downloaded has not been tempered with by properly verifying Tor Browser's signing signatures otherwise Tor Browser have an absolutely opposite effect for you.
Operating System and Software Versions
- Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
- Software: - Tor Browser 7.5 or higher
RequirementsPrivileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via
sudocommand is required.
- # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of
- $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user
Install Tor Browser using apt commandTi simplify the installation of Tor Browser on Ubuntu Linux the Tor Browser launcher is now part of the standard Ubuntu repository. This makes it extremely simple to install Tor Browser on Ubuntu.
Open up terminal and execute the following
aptcommand to install Tor Browser Launcher:
$ sudo apt install torbrowser-launcherTo start Tor Browser run Tor browser use the start menu and search for
Manual Tor Browser installation on UBuntuIf from any reason the above automatic installation of Tor browser fails, or you wish to get the latest version, you can install Tor Browser manually.
Download Tor BrowserThe first step is to head over to the official tor browser website and download the latest Linux Tor Browser package and relevant
Please be aware that the tor project is often a target for hackers and DDos attacks. From this reason we are now going to check a correct signing signatures of our downloaded Tor Browser package.
Assuming that you have downloaded the tor browser package and signatures to your
/~Downloadsdirectory first import "Tor Browser Developers" signing key. Execute the bellow command:
$ gpg --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys D1483FA6C3C07136 gpg: key 4E2C6E8793298290: public key "Tor Browser Developers (signing key)Navigate to
" imported gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1
Downloadsdirectory and confirm that both, Tor Browser package and its signature are present:
$ ls tor-browser-linux64-7.5_en-US.tar.xz tor-browser-linux64-7.5_en-US.tar.xz.ascNext verify signature of Tor Browser package:
$ gpg --verify tor-browser-linux64-7.5_en-US.tar.xz.asc tor-browser-linux64-7.5_en-US.tar.xz gpg: Signature made Tue 23 Jan 2018 11:50:13 AEDT gpg: using RSA key D1483FA6C3C07136 gpg: Good signature from "Tor Browser Developers (signing key)
" [unknown] gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: EF6E 286D DA85 EA2A 4BA7 DE68 4E2C 6E87 9329 8290 Subkey fingerprint: A430 0A6B C93C 0877 A445 1486 D148 3FA6 C3C0 7136
Good signature from "Tor Browser Developerstext on the above Line 4. All seems to be in order!
Extract Tor BrowserStill in the
Downloadsdirectory, extract the Tor Browser package into a root of your home directory:newly
$ tar xJpf tor-browser-linux64-7.5_en-US.tar.xz -C ~/
Start Tor BrowserTo start the Tor Browser on your Ubuntu Linux box, change to your home directory and navigate to the newly extracted tor browser directory using
$ cd $ cd tor-browser_en-US/From here start tor browser:
$ ./start-tor-browser.desktopAlternatively, register tor browser as a local application, thus create an icon shortcut accessible via menu launcher:
$ ./start-tor-browser.desktop --register-app