Objective

The objective is to install the NVIDIA drivers on Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux. This article will discuss three methods of Nvidia driver installation in the following order:
  • Automatic Install using standard Ubuntu Repository
  • Automatic Install using PPA repository to install Nvidia Beta drivers
  • Manual Install using the Official nvidia.com driver

Operating System and Software Versions

  • Operating System: - Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux

Requirements

Privileged access to your Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux installation will be required.

Difficulty

EASY - MEDIUM

Conventions

  • # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
  • $ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

Automatic Install using standard Ubuntu Repository

The first method is the easiest to perform and in most cases it is the recommended approach. First, detect the model of your nvidia graphic card and the recommended driver. To do so execute:
 $ ubuntu-drivers devices
Automatic Nvidia Drivers Installation on Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux
Automatic Nvidia Drivers Installation on Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux
From the above output we can conclude that the current system has NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 6GB graphic card installed and the recommend driver to install is nvidia-390. If you agree with the recommendation feel free to use the ubuntu-drivers command again to install all recommended drivers:
$ sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall
Alternatively, install desired driver selectively using the apt command. For example:
$ sudo apt install nvidia-390
Once the installation is concluded, reboot your system and you are done.


Installed NVIDIA drivers on Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux
Installed NVIDIA drivers on Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic Cuttlefish Linux. Now you can optionally run Nvidia graphic card test by following our Benchmark Your Graphics Card On Linux guide.

Automatic Install using PPA repository to install Nvidia Beta drivers

Using graphics-drivers PPA repository allows us to install bleeding edge Nvidia beta drivers at the risk of unstable system. To proceed first add the ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa repository into your system:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa
Next, identify your graphic card model and recommended driver:
$ ubuntu-drivers devices
== /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:01:00.0 ==
modalias : pci:v000010DEd00001C03sv00001043sd000085ABbc03sc00i00
vendor   : NVIDIA Corporation
model    : GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB]
driver   : nvidia-driver-390 - distro non-free
driver   : nvidia-driver-396 - third-party free recommended
driver   : xserver-xorg-video-nouveau - distro free builtin
Same as with the above standard Ubuntu repository example, either install all recommended drivers automatically:
$ sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall
or selectively using the apt command. Example:
$ sudo apt install nvidia-396
Once done, reboot your system.

Installed Nvidia Drivers via PPA repository
Installed Nvidia Drivers via PPA repository

Manual Install using the Official Nvidia.com driver

Identify your NVIDIA VGA card

The below commands will allow you to identify your Nvidia card model:
$  lshw -numeric -C display
or
$ lspci -vnn | grep VGA

Download the Official Nvidia Driver

Using your web browser navigate to the official Nvidia website and download an appropriate driver for your Nvidia graphic card. Save the file into your home directory. Example:
$ ls
NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-384.111.bin

Install Prerequisites

The following prerequisites are required to compile and install Nvidia driver:
$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install build-essential libc6:i386


Disable Nouveau Nvidia driver

Next step is to disable the default nouveau Nvidia driver. Follow this guide on how to disable the default Nouveau Nvidia driver. Make sure you reboot your system before you proceed to the next step.

Stop Desktop Manager

In order to install new Nvidia driver we need to stop the current display server. The easiest way to do this is to change into runlevel 3 using the telinit command. After executing the following linux command the display server will stop, therefore make sure you save all your current work ( if any ) before you proceed:
$ sudo telinit 3
Hit CTRL+ALT+F1 and login with your username and password to open a new TTY1 session or login via SSH.

Install Nvidia Driver

To start installation of Nvidia driver execute the following linux command and follow the wizard:
$ sudo bash NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.87.run
  1. Accept License
  2. The distribution-provided pre-install script failed! Are you sure you want to continue? -> CONTINUE INSTALLATION
  3. Would you like to run the nvidia-xconfig utility? -> YES
The Nvidia driver is now installed. Reboot your system:
$ sudo reboot

Configure NVIDIA X Server Settings

After reboot your should be able to start NVIDIA X Server Settings app from the Activities menu.

Official Latets Nvidia Drivers on Ubuntu 18.10
Official Nvidia Drivers


Appendix

Error message:
WARNING: Unable to find suitable destination to install 32-bit compatibility libraries
Depending on your needs, this can be safely ignored. However, if you wish to install steam game platform this issue cannot be ignored. To resolve execute:
$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install libc6:i386
and re-run the nvidia driver installation.
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A LINUX JOB?
Submit your RESUME or create a JOB ALERT on LinuxCareers.com job portal.
DO YOU NEED ADDITIONAL HELP?
Get extra help by visiting our LINUX FORUM or simply use comments below.

You may also be interested in:



Comments and Discussions