In this article you will learn how to install Nvidia driver on Debian 10 Buster from the standard Debian repository. In case that from some reason the installation of the Nvidia driver from the standard Debian repository failed or you simply with to have more up to date Nvidia driver installed this tutorial will also explain on how to install the official Nvidia driver driver directly downloaded from the Nvidia.com website.

To install Nvidia driver on other Linux distributions, follow our Nvidia Linux Driver guide.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to detect your nvidia card model number
  • How to install Nvidia driver from a standard Debian repository
  • How to install Nvidia driver from the official Nvidia package
  • How to disable nouveau driver
  • How to install Nvidia driver complication prerequisites
Nvidia driver installed on Debian 10 Buster GNU/Linux
Nvidia driver installed on Debian 10 Buster GNU/Linux

Software Requirements and Conventions Used

Software Requirements and Linux Command Line Conventions
Category Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used
System Debian 10 Buster GNU/Linux
Software N/A
Other Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the sudo command.
Conventions # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of sudo command
$ - requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user

How to install NVIDIA driver using Debian repository step by step instructions

  1. Enable the non-free repository.

    As an administrative user open the /etc/apt/sources.list and add the non-free repository. For example change the repository definition:
    FROM:
    deb http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ buster main
    TO:
    deb-src http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ buster main non-free
    
    Once ready update the repository index files using the below command:
    # apt update
    
  2. Install nvidia-detect utility by execution of the below command:
    # apt -y install nvidia-detect
    
  3. Detect your Nvidia card model and suggested Nvidia driver. To do so execute the above installed nvidia-detect command. For example:
    # nvidia-detect
    Detected NVIDIA GPUs:
    01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] [10de:1c03] (rev a1)
    
    Checking card:  NVIDIA Corporation GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] (rev a1)
    Your card is supported by the default drivers and legacy driver series 390.
    It is recommended to install the
        nvidia-driver
    package.
    
  4. As suggested install the recommended driver by the previous step:
    # apt install nvidia-driver
    
  5. All done. Reboot your Debian 10 Buster Linux box:
    # systemctl reboot
    

How to install NVIDIA driver by using the official nvidia.com package step by step instructions

  1. Enable the non-free repository.

    As an administrative user open the /etc/apt/sources.list and add the non-free repository. For example change the repository definition:
    FROM:
    deb http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ buster main
    TO:
    deb-src http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian/ buster main non-free
    
    Once ready update the repository index files using the below command:
    # apt update
    
  2. Install nvidia-detect utility by execution of the below command:
    # apt -y install nvidia-detect
    
  3. Detect your Nvidia card model and suggested Nvidia driver. To do so execute the above installed nvidia-detect command. For example:
    # nvidia-detect
    Detected NVIDIA GPUs:
    01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] [10de:1c03] (rev a1)
    
    Checking card:  NVIDIA Corporation GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 6GB] (rev a1)
    Your card is supported by the default drivers and legacy driver series 390.
    It is recommended to install the
        nvidia-driver
    package.
    
    take a note of the suggester driver number. In this case the suggested Nvidia driver number is 390.
  4. Download the recommended Nvidia source package from the official Nvidia.com website. Search for a package name to match the driver number as recommended by the previous step. Save the downloaded file into your home directory:
    $ ls NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.116.run
    NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.116.run
    
  5. Install Nvidia driver compilation prerequisites:
    # apt -y install linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential
    
  6. Next, disable the default nouveau driver:
    # echo blacklist nouveau > /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-nvidia-nouveau.conf
    
  7. Reboot to multi-user runlevel. This will disable the GUI user after reboot:
    # systemctl set-default multi-user.target
    # systemctl reboot
    
  8. Login as root user via terminal or TTY and install the Nvidia driver by executing the bellow command:
    NOTE
    Depending on the driver version you have downloaded the bellow command may be different. Amend the below command to fit the driver file name downloade previously.
    # bash NVIDIA-Linux-x86_64-390.116.run
    
    During the installation you may be asked the following set of questions:
    The CC version check failed:
    
    The kernel was built with gcc version 8.2.0 (Debian 8.2.0-14), but the current compiler version is cc (Debian 8.3.0-2) 8.3.0.
    
    This may lead to subtle problems; if you are not certain whether the mismatched compiler will be compatible with your kernel, you may wish to abort installation, set the CC environment variable to the name of the compiler used to compile your kernel, and restart installation.
    
                                                         Ignore CC version check                                         Abort installation     
    
    
    Install NVIDIA's 32-bit compatibility libraries?
      
                                                                   Yes                                                           No   
      
    
    
    An incomplete installation of libglvnd was found. Do you want to install a full copy of libglvnd? This will overwrite any existing libglvnd libraries.
    
                                      Don't install libglvnd files         Install and overwrite existing filesort installation.  Abort installation.
    
    
     Would you like to run the nvidia-xconfig utility to automatically update your X configuration file so that the NVIDIA X driver will be used when you restart X?  Any pre-existing X configuration file will be backed up.
                                                                                    
                                                                   Yes                                                            No   
    
  9. Enable the system to boot into GUI:
    # systemctl set-default graphical.target
    
  10. All done. Reboot your Debian 10 Buster Linux box:
    # systemctl reboot
    
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