Many people find it useful to organize some of their most frequented applications as shortcuts on their desktop. This allows for quick launching of programs or custom shortcuts. Although most Linux systems rely on a sidebar app launcher or start menu, desktop shortcut launchers can allow you to open applications or websites super fast, since they live right on your desktop and make the targets only a click away.
In this tutorial, you will see how to create desktop shortcuts on a variety of desktop environments, including GNOME, KDE Plasma, Xfce, Cinnamon, MATE, and LXQt. This will include setting a custom icon and name for your desktop shortcut, in order to make them easily identifiable and tailored to your tastes.
In this tutorial you will learn:
- How to create desktop shortcuts in Linux
- How to identify the path to an application’s executable
- How to allow launching on a desktop shortcut
|Category||Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used|
|System||Any Linux distro|
|Software||Any major desktop environment|
|Other||Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the
|Conventions||# – requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of
$ – requires given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user
Create desktop shortcuts in Linux step by step instructions
Some desktop environments have their own ways to add shortcuts to the desktop. But they do have one method in common, which will work across all desktop environments listed above. That is the method we will be covering in the steps below.
For the following example, we will create a desktop shortcut to the Gedit text editing program. This is an application available on GNOME. However, you can easily adapt the template below to make a shortcut for any application you wish.
- Start by creating a new
.desktopfile on your desktop. For this we will open a command line terminal and edit the file in nano. Feel free to use any text editor you would like.
$ nano /home/linuxconfig/gedit.desktop
- Next, paste the following template into the file. Keep in mind this particular example is for gedit, but can be adapted for any application.
[Desktop Entry] Version=1.0 Type=Application Terminal=false Exec=/usr/bin/gedit Name=gedit Comment=gedit Icon=/home/linuxconfig/Downloads/icon.png
After pasting the template above and changing it to fit your needs, you can save and close the file.
- For the
Execline above, you can obtain the path to your desired program by using the
whichcommand in terminal. Here is an example:
$ which gedit /usr/bin/gedit
Terminalline, set this to either
falsebased on whether or not your desired application must be launched from the terminal.
Terminal=false OR Terminal=true
Iconline, it is usually best to download a high quality icon from the internet, preferably in
.pngformat. Then save that file somewhere on your computer and put the full path in the
- After creating the desktop shortcut, some desktop environments will first require you to allow launching on the file. Simply right click the file and click “Allow launching.” Some desktop environments might call this “Make executable,” but it is the same idea.
All done. You should now be able to use your desktop shortcut in order to quickly access the application you have set it for. If you run into any errors, be sure to check the
Exec setting is correct and leads directly to the application executable that you are trying to launch.
In this tutorial, we saw how to create a desktop shortcut on a Linux system. The method shown here will work on all major desktop environments, including GNOME, KDE Plasma, Xfce, Cinnamon, MATE, and LXQt. Note that some desktop environments include other ways to add shortcuts, such as in the right click context menu of an app, but this has a lot of variance across environments and versions.