There may be a time when you need to disable some kernel modules from being loaded during your Linux system's boot time. In this guide, we will discuss a few different ways to blacklist a module, including its dependencies, on Ubuntu and any other Debian based distros. This will effectively permanently disable a module from loading during the boot time.In this tutorial you will learn:
- How to blacklist a kernel module on Ubuntu/Debian-based Linux distros
|Category||Requirements, Conventions or Software Version Used|
|Other||Privileged access to your Linux system as root or via the |
|Conventions|| # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of |
Blacklist module from loading
Follow along with the steps below to see how to blacklist a kernel module from loading on your system.
- Let's start by listing all modules currently loaded by your Linux system:
$ lsmod .... ehci_hcd 40249 0 usbcore 128741 4 ehci_hcd,ohci_hcd,usbhid usb_common 12354 1 usbcore e1000 86156 0 libata 140630 4 libahci,ahci,ata_piix,ata_generic ....The
lsmodcommand lists all currently loaded kernel modules. The above
lsmodoutput has been shortened.
- Let's say we are going to blacklist the
usbcoremodule. Before you unload or blacklist any module it is good to see what other modules depend on it:
$ modinfo -F depends usbcore usb-common
- From the above output we can see that the
usb-commonmodule depends on
usbcore. To blacklist a module without dependencies, we will create a
/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf(if it doesn't exist already) file and add the following line to it:
- Once done, update initramfs and reboot your system:
# update-initramfs -u # reboot
After rebooting, use
lsmod to see whether the module is presently loaded. In case other modules are dependent on the module you are trying to blacklist, like in the above example, you will need to blacklist all dependent modules, otherwise the initial module you have blacklisted would load anyway. Fortunately, there is a trick to blacklist all modules including their dependencies.
If, for any reason, you are unable to blacklist modules and all its dependencies, make the module fail to load and thus also cause all dependent modules to keep from loading. Add the following line to your
/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf to completely blacklist
usbcore including all its dependent modules:
install usbcore /bin/true
Then, update initramfs and reboot:
# update-initramfs -u
Just to be complete, please note that it is a good practice to create a separate module configuration file for each blacklisted module. For example if you wish to blacklist module
e1000, then create a separate
In this guide, we saw how to blacklist a kernel module in Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux systems. This is helpful when you need to prevent a module from loading, either temporarily or permanently, at boot time. The change is simple to revert by deleting the file if you need to allow the module to load once more. These instructions allow the module to remain on your system, while just preventing it from being loaded automatically.