ObjectiveThe objective is to blacklist selected modules from loading.
Operating System and Software Versions
- Operating System: - Debian, Ubuntu, Mint
RequirementsPrivileged access to your Ubuntu System as root or via
sudocommand is required.
- # - requires given linux commands to be executed with root privileges either directly as a root user or by use of
- $ - given linux commands to be executed as a regular non-privileged user
InstructionsThere maybe a time when you need to disable some modules from being loaded during your system's boot time. In this "how to" we will discus some of the few ways how to blacklist module including its dependencies, that is, disable permanently module from loading during the boot time.
First, we need to know how to list all modules currently loaded by your Linux system:
$ lsmod .... ehci_hcd 40249 0 usbcore 128741 4 ehci_hcd,ohci_hcd,usbhid usb_common 12354 1 usbcore e1000 86156 0 libata 140630 4 libahci,ahci,ata_piix,ata_generic ....
lsmodcommand lists all currently loaded kernel modules. The above
lsmodoutput has been shortened. Let's say we are going to blacklist
usbcoremodule. Before you unload or blacklist any module it is good to see what other modules depend on it:
BLUE SKY STUDIOS are looking for Linux Administrator to maintain and support the Studio's 450+ production Linux workstations, including daily interactions with the Studio’s digital animation artists.
LOCATION: Greenwich, Connecticut, USA
$ modinfo -F depends usbcore usb-commonFrom the above example we can see that
usb-commonmodule depends on
usbcore. To blacklist a module without dependencies create a
/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf( if non existing ) fle and add line:
blacklist usbcoreOnce done update initramfs and reboot your system:
# update-initramfs -u # rebootAfter reboot use
lsmodto see whether module is present. In case that other modules are dependent on the module you are trying to blacklist, like in the above example, you will need to blacklist all dependent modules otherwise the initial module you have blacklisted would load anyway. Fortunately, there is a trick to blacklist all modules including their dependencies.
If from some reasons you are unable to blacklist modules and all its dependencies, make the module fail to load and thus also cause all dependent modules stop from loading. Add the following line to your
/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.confto completely blacklist
usbcoreincluding all its dependent modules:
install usbcore /bin/trueUpdate initramfs and reboot:
# update-initramfs -uJust to be complete, please note that it is a good practice to create a separate module configuration file for each blacklisted module. For example if you wish to blacklist module
e1000than create separate