Google Chrome is one of the fastest and most well liked browsers available. Despite its closed source, it has long been a favorite of Linux users. This is especially true because it integrates features traditionally locked behind other proprietary software, like Flash, which traditionally function poorly.

Distributions like Fedora which only ship free software don't include Chrome, but Google provides convenient repositories to major Linux distributions to make installing and managing Chrome on Linux easy.


Steam is easily the most popular PC gaming client, and with hundreds of titles available for Linux, it's not wonder why Linux gamers would want to install and use it. This is easier on some distributions than others, especially considering that Valve, the company behind Steam, officially targets Ubuntu and Debian.

Fedora users won't find Steam anywhere in the official Fedora repositories. This is mostly because of Fedora's strict free software policies. It is available through a reliable third-party repository, though, and it runs great when you get it set up.

Before You Install

Steam for Linux is 32bit only. That may feel like a hassle, but it really isn't. The only thing that you have to make sure of is that the 32bit version of your graphics driver is installed on your system.

If you are using any of the open source drivers, chances are, 32bit support is already installed and working. If you want to reinstall to be sure run whichever of the following fits your graphics card.


$ su -c 'dnf -y install xorg-x11-drv-intel mesa-libGL.i686 mesa-dri-drivers.i686'

Fedora 24 brings with it a number of technical improvements, software upgrades, and under the hood. It’s clear that the Fedora developers have been working closely with upstream sources to tightly integrate advances in everything from the kernel to GNOME, Systemd, NetworkManager, and GCC6 which have all been forged into a powerful core. However, that’s about where it ends.

When it comes to a being a full fledged desktop distribution, Fedora 24 falls a bit short, and that’s mostly due to the Fedora project’s limited repositories.

The default Fedora 24 desktop


This article at is the logical continuation of our PXE article, because after reading this you will be able to network boot AND actually install the distribution of your choice. But there are other uses of creating your own repository. For example, bandwidth. If you manage a network and all the systems (or some) are running the same distribution, it's easier for you to just rsync in conjunction with a nearby mirror and serve updates yourself. Next, maybe you have some packages created by you that your distro won't accept in the main tree, but the users find them useful. Get a domain name, set up a webserver and there you go. We will not detail the setup of a webserver here, just basic installation tasks and the basic setup of a repository for Fedora or Debian systems. Hence you are expected to have the necessary hardware (the server and the necessary network equipment, depending on the situation) and some knowledge about Linux and webservers. So, let's start.

NOTE:This article was moved from our previous domain

Creating a repository on Fedora systems

Installing the tools

Fedora has a tool called createrepo which simplifies the task at hand. So, all we need to install is that and httpd as the webserver:

 # yum install createrepo httpd 

Setting up the repositories

Now, after setting up your webserver, we will assume that the root directory is ar /var/www. We have to create the necessary directories in an organized matter (feel free to adjust to taste if necessary or just follow the official layout):

 # cd /var/www/html
 # mkdir -p fedora/15/x86_64/base
 # mkdir fedora/15/x86_64/updates

Author: Rares Aioanei


You're already in the know regarding the C programming language. You got the taste of it and felt like you want to go further and write your own. Or maybe help the community and package that favorite software of yours for the distribution you like and use. Regardless of the situation, this part of the C development series will show you how to create packages for two of the most popular distributions, Debian and Fedora. If you read our articles so far and you have some solid knowledge of the command line, and you can say that you know your distro of choice, you're ready.

Before we go further...

Let's get some concepts and general ideas out of the way, just so we make sure we are on the same page. What we are about to outline here is available regardless of the project you decide to package (or contribute) for, be it Arch, NetBSD or OpenSolaris. The idea is: be careful. Check the code, whether it's yours or not, and make sure you remember that perhaps lots of people will use your code. You have a responsibility on your hands, and a pretty big one at that. If you doubt this, reverse places for a second: a package maintainer isn't careful when inspecting code and some sneaky, but grave bug makes his way installed on your computer. It's sneaky, as it only manifests itself on certain hardware and in certain situations, but it's grave enough to delete all the files resident inside your home folder. You happen to have that exact combination of hardware and mayhem ensues, as you forgot to write to DVD those pictures from your holiday. You get angry, your first reaction is to manifest negative feeling towards the operating system (or distribution) and so, following your decision to change distributions immediatley, that distro loses one user, all because one person's lack of attention and thoroughness.


Given Debian's excellent documentation, we won't be able to cover all the things one needs to become a developer. After all, this is not what we wanted. What we wanted is to show you basically how to get from a tarball to a .deb. Becoming a Debian developer takes lots of time and involves you helping out the community via IRC or mailing lists, reporting and helping fixing bugs, and so on, so that is not the object of our article. Have a look at the documentation the project provides for more insight. The Debian policy, New maintainer's guide and the Developer's reference are more than important for starting up, they must be like some kind of a book you sleep under the pillow with.

Your first stop should be, as outlined above, the policy, where you MUST acquaint yourself with the filesystem hierarchy, the archives, the fields in a control file and specific items to be remembered regarding diferent categories of software: binaries, libraries, source, games, documentation, ... Remember that a .deb file is nothing more than an archive, and it's made of two parts: the control part, with the control file and the install/ uninstall scripts, and the payload, where the files to be installed reside. It's not as hard as one would think it is. It's a very good idea that you download a .deb file, even better if it's packing some software you are familiar with, and start looking inside to see what's what. [HINT] - You can use the control file to create your own, as long as you're careful. As an example, let's take vim. deb files are nothing but ar(1) archives, so they can simply be unpacked by using the following linux command:

 $ ar vx vim-nox_7.3.547-5_amd64.deb

In order to install NCTUns-6.0 on your Fedora Linux first install all prerequisites:
# dnf install git gcc-c++
Next, clone a current NCTUns-6.0 repository:
# git clone
Navigate to a NCTUns-6.0's directory:
# cd nctuns/NCTUns-6.0/

The entire installation of Docker on Fedora Linux consists of four simple to follow steps:
  1. Install Docker package
  2. Start docker service
  3. Confirm that docker started correctly
  4. Enable docker to start after reboot
Let's start by the actual docker installation on Fedora Linux.
# yum install docker

The intention of this config is to provide simple to follow steps on how to configure anonymous Internet browsing on Fedora Linux using privoxy and tor. Both services tor and privoxy are standalone services where tor provides anonymity using onion routing techniques and privoxy is a proxy server with content filtering and advertisement blocking.

Let's start by installation of both services:
# yum install privoxy tor
After the install start tor:
# service tor start
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl start  tor.service

The following config will demonstrate how to install Adobe Flash player on Fedora Linux. The following linux commands are separated into two sections to show Adobe Flash player installation for 32-bit and 64-bit architectures.

Adobe Flash player installation on Fedora Linux 32-bit

# rpm -ivh
# rpm –import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux
# yum -y install flash-plugin

Currently, the default python version on Fedora Linux is Python 2. Later Fedora Linux release 22 will ship with the Python 3 as a default version. In this config you will learn how to switch between python versions on Fedora Linux. Let's start by listing all Python versions available on your Fedora system:
# ls /usr/bin/python*
/usr/bin/python   /usr/bin/python2.7         /usr/bin/python3    /usr/bin/python3.4m           /usr/bin/python-coverage
/usr/bin/python2  /usr/bin/python2-coverage  /usr/bin/python3.4  /usr/bin/python3-mako-render
Now, check your default python version:
# python -V
Python 2.7.8
To change python version on per user basis simply create a new alias in you .bashrc located under your home directory:
$ alias python='/usr/bin/python3.4'
$ . ~/.bashrc
$ python --version
Python 3.4.2

In this config we will install a official Nvidia GeForce driver on Fedora Linux. The system used for this installation is Fedora 21 however, the below config should work for any subsequent Fedora Linux release version. First download the official NVIDIA driver installer from Your driver version will be different as this depends on your graphic card version eg.:
Two conditions must be fulfilled before we can start the actual NVIDIA driver installation:
  • nouveau free nvidia driver must be disabled
  • X Server must be disabled
To comply with the both above conditions the below command will disable nouveau nvidia driver:
# dracut --omit-drivers nouveau /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img $(uname -r) --force

Below we will install missing video and audio plugins such us MPEG-4, MP3 on Fedora linux. First enable free and nonfree package repository on your system RPMFusion on your system:
# yum localinstall --nogpgcheck
# yum localinstall --nogpgcheck
The above packages are for Fedora 21 Linux so check RPMFusion website to update the above links so they math your Fedora Linux system. Once you have run the above commands you need to update repository index:
# yum update

To create a Fedora Linux Live bootable USB key you will need Fedora Linux ISO image and some sort of USB key with disk size higher than the actual ISO image size. Currently, the size of Fedora 21 Live image is 1.3GB:
# ls -lh /home/lrendek/Downloads/Fedora-Live-Workstation-i686-21-5.iso
-rw-rw-r--. 1 lrendek lrendek 1.3G Dec  4 08:38 Fedora-Live-Workstation-i686-21-5.iso


You may experience a problems when loading website's flash components as Firefox refuses to load them. This is because your flash plugin is out of date and needs update.
blocked flash plugin firefox

First download RAR rpm package:
$ wget
2014-10-31 18:51:15 (58.6 KB/s) - ‘rar-3.8.0-1.el7.rf.x86_64.rpm’ saved [216008/216008]

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