Debian is one of the oldest Linux distributions that still survives today. If you're looking for a tried and true Linux distro to download, Debian is about as good as it gets. For other most popular Linux distributions please visit our dedicated linux download page. Debian believes in a completely free operating system.

Other popular Linux distributions, like Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and many others are based off of Debian. It comes with GNOME desktop environment and a huge repository of software that can be installed with apt package manager.

Debian is a solid choice for both desktops and servers, which has given way to its sustained popularity over the last three decades. Debian's long reign as one of the most popular distributions has yielded a lot of documentation available on the official website. It's easy to get started with Debian.

The upgrade from Raspbian Stretch to Raspbian 10 Buster is a relatively simple procedure. However, exercise caution, as there is always a chance to break the entire system. The fewer installed 3rd-party packages and services, the more likely you are able successfully to upgrade your Raspbian Linux system.

What's New

  • UEFI Secure Boot
  • AppArmor enabled per default
  • Optional hardening of APT
  • Unattended-upgrades for stable point releases
  • Substantially improved man pages for German speaking users
  • Network filtering based on nftables framework by default
  • Cryptsetup defaults to on-disk LUKS2 format
  • driverless printing with CUPS 2.2.10
  • Basic support for Allwinner A64 based devices

This article describes a simple way to create a home made debian package and include it into a local package repository. Although we could use an existing Debian/Ubuntu package, we will start from scratch by creating and packaging our own trivial application. Once our package is ready, we will include it into our local package repository. This article illustrates a very simplistic approach, however it may serve as a template in many different scenarios.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to create a trivial debian package
  • How to create a local debian repository
  • How to add the repository to the list of software sources

If you already have a Nextcloud server in place, you're going to need to set up your client devices to connect to it. Setting up the Nextcloud client on Debian is very simple, and so is setting up your folders to sync.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install the Nextcloud Client
  • How to Connect to the Server
  • How to Set up a Folder to Sync

LEMP is an excellent alternative to traditional LAMP servers. Nginx is lighter weight and faster than Apache in some situations. It can also be configured to do other useful things, like serve as a reverse proxy. Just like with LAMP, Debian is an excellent platform for LEMP servers. Everything you need is available in the Debian repositories, so it's simple to get started.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to Set Up MariaDB
  • How to Install PHP
  • How to Install Nginx
  • How to Configure Nginx
  • How to Test Your Server

Not all Debian systems have a GUI, and even though using WiFi on a server isn't common, there are plenty of instances where you're using WiFi with a headless setup, like on a Raspberry Pi. It's not difficult to connect using only the tools provided out of the box in Debian.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Scan for a Network
  • How to Generate a WPA_Supplicant Config
  • How to Set up a WPA_Supplicant Config File
  • How to Connect to Your WiFi

Whether you're setting up Nextcloud on a home server or making it accessible online through a VPS, Debian makes an excellent platform. You can even host it on a Raspberry Pi. This guide will get you started with a basic setup.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to Install the Required Packages
  • How to Set Up Your Database
  • How to Download Nextcloud
  • How to Install Nextcloud

UFW is very simple to use and configure. It's available right in the Debian repositories, and it integrates well into a Debian system. The simplified controls and ability to easily start and stop your firewall make in an excellent option for desktops and small servers.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install UFW
  • How to Set the Defaults on UFW
  • How to Allow Ports
  • How to Allow Interfaces
  • How to Allow Protocol
  • How to Allow IP Addresses
  • How to Enable UFW

If you plan on doing any sort of Ruby development, RVM is a must. Even though Debian does have its own Ruby packages, they're bound to Debian's release schedules, making them an inflexible option for your projects. RVM is simple to get set up, and it allows a much greater decree of flexibility, no matter what sort of projects you're working on.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install cURL
  • How to Import the RVM GPG Key
  • How to Run The RVM Install
  • How to Install Ruby

There are two very simple ways to create a Python virtual environment on Debian 10. They're very similar and offer nearly the same benefits. As an added bonus, you won't need to install anything outside of the default Debian repositories to use them.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install the Dependencies
  • How to Use Python 3's Venv
  • How to Use Virtualenv

Debian is one of the best Linux server distributions, and LAMP is one of the most common ways to host a website. Together, they make a perfect match. It's very simple to get LAMP up and running on Debian 10 using packages right out of the default repositories.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Set Up MariaDB
  • How to Install PHP
  • How to Install Apache
  • How to Test Your Server

Samba allows you to share your files over a local network to computers running any operating system. Samba also makes it simple to control access to these shares using a single configuration file. On Debian, that configuration is mostly set up for you, making configuring a Samba server on Debian a smooth experience.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install Samba
  • How to Change Samba's Global Settings
  • How to Configure a New Share
  • How to Set Up A Samba User
  • How to Connect to a Share

There are two basic ways to set up a static IP address on Debian 10. The simplest for desktops is through NetworkManager's graphical interface. For servers or systems without NetworkManager, you can use a configuration file too.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Configure a Static IP with NetworkManager
  • How to Configure a Static IP From the CLI

The Android development tools, ADB(Android Debug Tool) and Fastboot, allow you unprecedented access to your Android device. These tools are essential for developers, and they make it possible to root and flash custom ROMs. Since Google uses Debian, installing them is very simple.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Install the Android Tools
  • How to Enable USB Debugging on Android
  • How to Connect Your Phone to Debian

VeraCrypt is the successor to TrueCrypt. It offers many of the same features and is fully backward compatible. VeraCrypt is fully cross platform and offers a convenient installer that you can use to get started on Debian 10.

In this tutorial you will learn:
  • How to Download the VeraCrypt Installer
  • How to Unpack the Installers
  • How to Run the GUI Installer
  • How to Open VeraCrypt on Debian 10

FIND LATEST LINUX JOBS on LinuxCareers.com
Submit your RESUME, create a JOB ALERT or subscribe to RSS feed.
LINUX CAREER NEWSLETTER
Subscribe to NEWSLETTER and receive latest news, jobs, career advice and tutorials.
DO YOU NEED ADDITIONAL HELP?
Get extra help by visiting our LINUX FORUM or simply use comments below.

You may also be interested in: