In this configuration tutorial we will guide you through the process of configuring sendmail to be an email relay for your gmail or google apps account. This allows you to send email from your bash scripts, hosted website or from command line using mail command. Other examples where you can utilize this setting is for a notification purposes such or failed backups etc. Sendmail is just one of many utilities which can be configured to rely on gmail account where the others include postfix, exim , ssmpt etc. In this tutorial we will use Debian and sendmail for this task.
# apt-get install sendmail mailutils sendmail-bin
Create Gmail Authentication file
# mkdir -m 700 /etc/mail/authinfo/ # cd /etc/mail/authinfo/
next we need to create an auth file with a following content. File can have any name, in this example the name is gmail-auth:
AuthInfo: "U:root" "I:YOUR GMAIL EMAIL ADDRESS" "P:YOUR PASSWORD"
Replace the above email with your gmail or google apps email.
Please note that in the above password example you need to keep 'P:' as it is not a part of the actual password.
In the next step we will need to create a hash map for the above authentication file:
# makemap hash gmail-auth < gmail-auth
Configure your sendmail
Put bellow lines into your sendmail.mc configuration file right above first "MAILER" definition line:
define(`SMART_HOST',`[smtp.gmail.com]')dnl define(`RELAY_MAILER_ARGS', `TCP $h 587')dnl define(`ESMTP_MAILER_ARGS', `TCP $h 587')dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl FEATURE(`authinfo',`hash -o /etc/mail/authinfo/gmail-auth.db')dnl
Do not put the above lines on the top of your sendmail.mc configuration file !
In the next step we will need to re-build sendmail's configuration. To do that execute:
# make -C /etc/mail
Reload sendmail service:
and you are done.
Now you can send an email from your command line using mail command:
If you will experience substitutional delays after executing the above command to most likely cause is that you have not configured your host with FQDN. Check your logs for a warning:
Sendmail: "unqualified hostname unknown; sleeping for retry unqualified hostname