Transferring files is a common activity you’ll frequently engage in, whether you are using Linux or any other operating system. Typically, this will go pretty smoothly, as this process is not very complex for computer systems. But file corruption can occur in some instances. The cksum command in Linux helps us verify file integrity and weed out corrupted downloads and file transfers.
One of the most basic commands in Linux is the cp or copy command. The most basic way to use this command is to copy a file or multiple files. The cp command is one of the first commands you should learn as a newcomer to Linux, as copying files and directories is something you’ll do often.
In Linux, we can employ many different methods for making text file management more convenient and fluid. The csplit command in Linux is a perfect example of how we can make text files a lot easier to maintain.
Linux considers anything stored on a file system as files, even block devices. This means commands such as the dd command in Linux can be very handy in many situations, as it can be used to convert and copy files in the terminal, backup disks, or wipe data. The dd command is just as fundamental as it is useful, as it’s ready to use even on the most basic installations of Linux distros.
On any operating system, the files on your hard disk take up a certain amount of space. In Linux specifically, you can view how much space that these files take up in the command line terminal by using the du command. The du command (the name is shortened from “disk usage”), as the name implies, will simply display, in its output, the amount of disk space being used by a specified file or directory.
The grep command on Linux systems is one of the most common commands you’ll come across. If we had to sum up this command, we’d say it’s used to find a specified string or text inside inside of a file. But even with a simple explanation like that, the amount of things it can be used for is quite staggering.
The export command in Linux is used to set an environment variable. Environment variables are part of the Linux system shell that contain changing values. They help facilitate scripts and system programs, so that code can accommodate a variety of scenarios. Unlike regular shell variables, environment variables can be accessed system-wide, by any user or process.
If you need to search for one or more particular files or directories, the find command in Linux is the perfect tool for the job. The find command can search for a file with a specific name, but you can also search for files that follow certain naming patterns. This can be broadened all the way to finding files based on file size, file extension, or a lot of other options.
The fold command in Linux is used to wrap the lines of a file at a predetermined length. Its original use was to facilitate the viewing of large files on a terminal screen, and having each line be wrapped at a certain length so everything could fit on the monitor. Back in the 1970s, before terminals and applications had word wrap functionality by default, this was very handy.
The head command in Linux is one of the most important commands you’ll need when viewing text files. If you’re new to Linux, the head command is a perfect place to start, since it has a simple syntax and straight forward purpose. The head command is the complementary command to the tail command. The head command is used to print the first 10 lines (by default) of one or multiple files.