cksum command in Linux with examples

cksum command in Linux with examples

Transferring files is a common activity you’ll frequently engage in, whether you are using Linux or any other operating system. Typically, this will go pretty smoothly, as this process is not very complex for computer systems. But file corruption can occur in some instances. The cksum command in Linux helps us verify file integrity and weed out corrupted downloads and file transfers.

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cp command in Linux with examples

cp command in Linux with examples

One of the most basic commands in Linux is the cp or copy command. The most basic way to use this command is to copy a file or multiple files. The cp command is one of the first commands you should learn as a newcomer to Linux, as copying files and directories is something you’ll do often.

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dd command in Linux with examples

dd command in Linux with examples

Linux considers anything stored on a file system as files, even block devices. This means commands such as the dd command in Linux can be very handy in many situations, as it can be used to convert and copy files in the terminal, backup disks, or wipe data. The dd command is just as fundamental as it is useful, as it’s ready to use even on the most basic installations of Linux distros.

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du command in Linux with examples

du command in Linux with examples

On any operating system, the files on your hard disk take up a certain amount of space. In Linux specifically, you can view how much space that these files take up in the command line terminal by using the du command. The du command (the name is shortened from “disk usage”), as the name implies, will simply display, in its output, the amount of disk space being used by a specified file or directory.

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export command in Linux with examples

export command in Linux with examples

The export command in Linux is used to set an environment variable. Environment variables are part of the Linux system shell that contain changing values. They help facilitate scripts and system programs, so that code can accommodate a variety of scenarios. Unlike regular shell variables, environment variables can be accessed system-wide, by any user or process.

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fold command in Linux with examples

fold command in Linux with examples

The fold command in Linux is used to wrap the lines of a file at a predetermined length. Its original use was to facilitate the viewing of large files on a terminal screen, and having each line be wrapped at a certain length so everything could fit on the monitor. Back in the 1970s, before terminals and applications had word wrap functionality by default, this was very handy.

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head command in Linux with examples

head command in Linux with examples

The head command in Linux is one of the most important commands you’ll need when viewing text files. If you’re new to Linux, the head command is a perfect place to start, since it has a simple syntax and straight forward purpose. The head command is the complementary command to the tail command. The head command is used to print the first 10 lines (by default) of one or multiple files.

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