Debian Linux desktop

Debian Linux Download

Debian is one of the oldest Linux distributions that still survives today. If you’re looking for a tried and true Linux distro to download, Debian is about as good as it gets. For other most popular Linux distributions please visit our dedicated linux download page. Debian believes in a completely free operating system.

Other popular Linux distributions, like Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and many others are based off of Debian. It comes with GNOME desktop environment and a huge repository of software that can be installed with apt package manager.

Debian is a solid choice for both desktops and servers, which has given way to its sustained popularity over the last three decades. Debian’s long reign as one of the most popular distributions has yielded a lot of documentation available on the official website. It’s easy to get started with Debian.

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CentOS with GNOME desktop manager

CentOS Linux Download

CentOS is one of the leading Linux distributions available. It’s developed by The CentOS Project, which is an affiliate of Red Hat. As CentOS is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux, it’s naturally more geared toward servers and workstations, though it can still work well as a desktop operating system for some people. For other most popular Linux distributions please visit our dedicated linux download page.

CentOS excels at being very stable and predictable, the exact qualities you’d hope to find in a server OS. It’s very similar to RHEL in most respects except that it’s completely free. If a user or organization needs a reliable distribution and can do without the commercial support that RHEL provides, CentOS is a perfect choice.

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Linux Download

In this article, we’ll cover and compare some of the most popular Linux distributions. Furthermore, you’ll be given the information you need to make a decision about which one to use, as well as the links to the official Linux downloads pages for each Linux distribution.

When people say “Linux,” what are they actually referring to? Linux isn’t technically an operating system itself, but a kernel that serves as the foundation for a fully packaged operating system.

Linux distributions, or distros, all share the same kernel but come preloaded with a slew of software and utilities. These additions are what make Linux usable out of the box and give the user an operating system experience. They’re also what make each distribution unique. Such software usually includes a package manager, desktop environment, and other common tools you’d expect to find.

The Linux kernel is free and open source. Generally, most or all of the software included in a Linux distribution is the same way. GNU makes its way onto most distributions, which is a collection of free software. Some refer to this combination as GNU/Linux or LiGNUx, but it has become more common (and erroneous) to simply say Linux, with the understanding that GNU software is pretty much implied.

Choosing the right distribution to download can seem a little overwhelming, as there are many options. In this guide, we’ll try to make the decision process a little easier by comparing the most popular Linux distributions and helping you download the one that suits you best.

Most popular Linux downloads

FedoraLinux MintArch Linux
Kali LinuxPuppy LinuxClear Linux
SolusTrisquel LiGNUXPureOS LiGNUx
Oracle LinuxPop!_OSMX Linux
Elementary OSParrot OSDeepin
Download pages of the most popular Linux Distributions

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Ubuntu Linux Download

Ubuntu Linux Download

If you’ve heard of Linux, you’ve probably heard of Ubuntu. Out of any distribution, it’s likely the most well known. Ubuntu has a solid reputation for being user friendly to newcomers. Couple that with the endless support you’ll find online, and you’ve got an operating system that anyone can pick up and use. For other most popular Linux distributions please visit our dedicated linux download page.

That’s not to say that other Linux distributions aren’t user friendly. Many are, but there are more than a few that are geared towards power users and system administrators. Ubuntu strikes a nice balance between the two by catering to casual users and still packing the power that enterprises need. Oh, and it’s completely free!

Ubuntu is developed by Canonical and has been around since 2004, enough time to gain a strong footing among the greatest distributions. Ubuntu is based on Debian, a true behemoth among Linux distributions that precedes Ubuntu by more than 11 years.

If you’re ready to give Ubuntu a shot, there are a few things you should know before downloading it. Ubuntu has a few different editions available and about half a dozen official variations that Canonical dubs “flavors.” We’ll take a look at all these options below.

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Curl command on Linux

Curl file download on Linux

The cURL linux command can use various network protocols to download and upload data on Linux. Normally, using the cURL command is pretty basic, but it has a ton of options and can grow more complicated very quickly. In this guide, we’ll go over some of the more common uses for the cURL command and show you syntax examples so you can use it on your own system.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • What is cURL and what can it do?
  • How cURL compares to wget
  • How to download a file from a website with cURL
  • How to follow redirects
  • How to download and untar a file automatically
  • How to authenticate with cURL
  • How to download headers with cURL
  • How to use quiet mode with cURL

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ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04

Configuring ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04

Once you have finished installing ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04, the next step is to do some configuration with your hard disks. There are a lot of possibilities with ZFS, and what you decide to do will depend on how many drives you have available and what your storage goals are. For example, would you rather your storage array focus on speed or redundancy? Do you have 3 disks or 20? What about encryption?

Whichever type of configuration you’re going for, we’ll show you how to get started in this guide. Read on as we cover basic usage commands in ZFS and setting up zpools, RAID-Z, encryption, and more.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04
  • How to create and destroy zpools
  • Configure different levels of RAID and RAID-Z
  • How to use encryption with ZFS

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Formatting drives with ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04

Install Ubuntu 20.04 with ZFS

ZFS is a file system focused on storage and redundancy. It’s designed with file servers in mind, where high availability and data integrity are absolutely paramount. That’s one reason it’s interesting, but very exciting, to see it natively available on a desktop operating system like Ubuntu. Note that ZFS on Ubuntu is a new feature and therefore still flagged as “experimental.”

The newest iteration of Ubuntu, Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa, offers a new option during installation that hasn’t been present in previous LTS releases. We now have the ability to format drives with the Z File System (ZFS) inside the Ubuntu installation process. Ubuntu itself still uses the ext4 file system, but the rest of your partitions or hard drives can be formatted with ZFS.

In this tutorial, we’ll guide you through installing Ubuntu 20.04 with ZFS as our file system on a few drives. If you already have Ubuntu installed and aren’t yet using ZFS, there’s no need to do a fresh install. We’ll show you how to install ZFS on an already established Ubuntu 20.04 install as well.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install Ubuntu 20.04 with ZFS (fresh install)
  • How to install ZFS on Ubuntu 20.04

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GNOME extensions on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa

Top 10 Best Gnome extensions for Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop

GNOME extensions are small plugins created by the community to add extra features to and extend the functionality of the GNOME desktop environment. There are over 1,000 available for free download on GNOME’s extension page.

In this article, we will count down our top picks for the 10 best GNOME extensions available for Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. We have a separate guide for How to install Gnome Shell Extensions on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa Linux Desktop if you need to learn how to install GNOME extensions.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • 10 of the most useful GNOME shell extensions available

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WordPress website running on Ubuntu 20.04 with Apache

Ubuntu 20.04 WordPress with Apache installation

WordPress has remained one of the best and easiest ways to get a sleek site up and running ever since its inception in 2003. As a matter of fact, current trends only show its popularity continuing to increase. WordPress is simple to use, and even hosting it yourself isn’t that hard, as we’ll prove to you in this article.

In this guide, we’ll show you how to get your site hosted with WordPress on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. We’ll use Apache as our HTTP server, and also install PHP and MySQL since WordPress requires them in order to function. Once those packages are installed, we’ll go over the configuration of Apache and MySQL, including initial setup of a database and user, before installing WordPress itself. Towards the end, we’ll also show you how to configure optional SSL, in case you’d like your site to use HTTPS.

If you’re more familiar with or happen to prefer Nginx over Apache, we’ve written a separate guide for Ubuntu 20.04 WordPress installation on Nginx.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install and configure Apache
  • How to install and configure MariaDB for MySQL
  • How to setup a MySQL user and database for WordPress
  • How to download and install WordPress
  • How to configure SSL for your WordPress site

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Apache Tomcat installed on Ubuntu 20.04

Ubuntu 20.04 Tomcat installation

Apache Tomcat is an HTTP server that can run Java technologies, namely Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages (JSP), and Java Expression Language. In this guide, we’ll show you how to install Apache Tomcat on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. We’ll also cover the steps to set up a user for accessing the application manager, which is a panel inside Tomcat that can configure virtual hosts and other applications.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install and configure Apache Tomcat
  • Open firewall ports for Tomcat and test
  • How to configure credentials for Tomcat admin
  • How to access Tomcat Web Application Manager

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FFmpeg on Ubuntu 20.04

Ubuntu 20.04 FFmpeg installation

FFmpeg is a library of tools used for processing video and audio files. You can do a lot of things with it, such as encode videos or transcode audio to different formats, to name a few. In this guide, we’ll show you how to install it on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. There are two options for doing so, either from Ubuntu’s software repository or compiling the latest version directly from source. We’ll show you both methods below.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install FFmpeg from Ubuntu software repository
  • How to install latest FFmpeg compiled from source

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Running a GUI torrent client on Ubuntu 20.04

Ubuntu 20.04: List of torrent clients

The BitTorrent protocol is used for peer to peer file sharing and it’s an extremely efficient way of downloading and sharing files with groups of people. While file sharing with BitTorrent is normally associated with video files like movies or TV episodes, it’s also common for Linux developers to offer a torrent download of their distribution.

Torrents are great for downloading large files because they are split into smaller chunks and downloaded from multiple peers in the torrent “swarm.” Being able to download from a lot of different sources simultaneously should mean that your download bandwidth is completely saturated, resulting in a very quick download of large files. When all of the file chunks are done downloading, the file is reconstructed automatically.

In order to download something via BitTorrent, you need to have a torrent client installed on your system. On Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa, there are quite a few options to choose from. Some have a graphical interface and some only work on the command line, but they all have their advantages and quirks. In this article, we’ll go over some top picks for torrent clients to help you choose the right one for your needs. We’ll also show how to install each of them and open up a .torrent file.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to install and use various torrent clients

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