Many of as are using wget as a quick command line download tool to fetch data from the web using HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP. We usually pick download mirror closest to our location in hope for better download speed, start wget and hoping for the best. Aria2 download tool offers an alternative solution to wget with increased potential for greater download speed by downloading from more than one source in the single session.
Along the usual protocols supported by wget aria2 also offers download resume and additional download options using torrents, magnet URIs and metalinks. This article explores some aria2 download techniques which potentially could ease wget's work load.
First if you have not done so yet install aria2 package from your system’s repository such us:
# yum install aria2
# apt-get install aria2
You can also install aria2 from a source code downloaded from aria2 home page.
Same as it is with wget aria2 also offers one argument command line download. Lets try download such us:
$ aria2c ftp://local1/linux-distro.iso
If disconnected, you may resume download with the same command. Aria2 keeps a log file of the download progress and will reopen it when download resume is required.
To speed up your download you can supply aria2 with more than one source of the same file:
$ aria2c ftp://local1/linux-distro.iso http://local2/linux-distro.iso
In this case aria2 will recognize that the file to be downloaded is same and will split the file into two parts as well as split the download to fetch from two sources and thus utilizing your download bandwidth to the maximum. In case you have provided two different files aria2 will download them both.
Downloading data using torrents is simple as downloading data via http or ftp. If you alredy have a torrent file which you want to use to fetch your data, simply suppy it to aria2 as a command line argument:
$ aria2c linux-dist.torrent
With aria2 you do not even have to bother to download torrent file itself, instead simply supply torrent URL:
$ aria2c http://local/linux-dist.torrent
In this case aria2 will download the torrent file to your download directory and then start downloading data. If you do not wish aria2 to download a torrent file simplyt use --follow-torrent=mem option :
$ aria2c --follow-torrent=mem http://local/linux-dist.torrent
In this case the actual torrent file will be stored into a memory only, and discarded when download is finished.
Metalink is a file which contains all possible sources for data to be downloaded. Which means that instead supplying aria2 with a multiple sources we need to supply just a single metalink URL or metalink file. For example, you can download Ubuntu TLS Linux ISO using metalink:
As you may have already guessed the syntax to download via torrent magnets is the same as it was in previous examples. All what needs to be done is to supply aria2 with a magnet link:
aria2c magnet:?xt=urn:btih:1e99d95f1764644a86a8e99bfd80c ...
If you find yourself using same aria2 options all over again, to save your time you may create a configuration file and list all aria2 options you wish to supply on the command line. To do that open or create aria2 configuration file ~/.aria2/aria2.conf andadd:
enable-xml-rpc follow-torrent=mem seed-ratio=2
Aria2 has much more to offer than it is described in this guide. It should not be considered as a wget replacement but rather as a alternative with more download options and support ofr IPv6.